Network-based recognition of architectural symbols

  • Christian Ah-Soon
  • Karl Tombre
Document Image Analysis and Recognition
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1451)


In this paper, we propose a method for recognizing architectural symbols. The method is based on the description of the model through a set of constraints on geometrical features, and on propagating these constraints through a network, following an idea first proposed by Messmer and Bunke. One of the advantages of this approach is the possibility to incrementally build and update the model, when new symbols have to be taken into account.


  1. 1.
    C. Ah-Soon and K. Tombre. Variations on the Analysis of Architectural Drawings. In Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Ulm (Germany), pages 347–351, August 1997.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Atul K. Chhabra. Graphic Symbol Recognition: An Overview. In Karl Tombre and Atul K. Chhabra, editors, Graphics Recognition—Algorithms and Systems, volume 1389 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 68–79. Springer-Verlag, April 1998.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Lladós, J. López-Krahe, and E. Martí. A system to understand hand-drawn floor plans using subgraph isomorphism and Hough transform. Machine Vision and Applications, 10(3):150–158, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. T. Messmer and H. Bunke. Automatic Learning and Recognition of Graphical Symbols in Engineering Drawings. In R. Kasturi and K. Tombre, editors, Graphics Recognition—Methods and Applications, volume 1072 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 123–134. Springer-Verlag, May 1996.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Miyao and Y. Nakano. Note Symbol Extraction for Printed Piano Scores Using Neural Networks. IEICE Transactions on Information and Systems, E79-D(5):548–554, May 1996.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Pasternak. Adaptierbares Kernsystem zur Interpretation von Zeichnungen. Dissertation zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades eines Doktors der Naturwissenschaften (Dr. rer. nat.), Universität Hamburg, April 1996.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Samet and A. Soffer. MARCO: MAp Retrieval by Content. IEEE Transactions on PAMI, 18(8):783–798, August 1996.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    K. Tombre, C. Ah-Soon, Ph. Dosch, A. Habed, and G. Masini. Stable, Robust and Off-the-Shelf Methods for Graphics Recognition. In Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Brisbane, Australia, August 1998.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y. Yu, A. Samal, and S. C. Seth. A System for Recognizing a Large Class of Engineering Drawings. IEEE Transactions on PAMI, 19(8):868–890, August 1997.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Ah-Soon
    • 1
  • Karl Tombre
    • 1
  1. 1.LORIA-CNRS-INRIAVandœuvre-lès-Nancy CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations