A telesurgical system was created to allow an endoscopic specialist at a remote site to offer guidance and assistance to a surgeon during laparoscopic surgery. The remote and operative sites were connected by a single T1 link. The system provided real-time video, audio, telestration, and robotic arm control of the laparoscope. Seven patients underwent successful procedures using this system. This study demonstrates the feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of telementoring.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access