Using semantic, geographical, and temporal relationships to enhance search and retrieval in digital catalogs

  • Klaus Tochtermann
  • Wolf-Fritz Riekert
  • Gerlinde Wiest
  • Jürgen Seggelke
  • Birgit Klohaupt-Jahr
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1324)


The amount and quality of information available on the Internet increases steadily. To search for information, users are provided with search engines which often return unsatisfactory search results. Against this background, digital catalog systems are becoming more and more popular. Unlike earlier search engines, they contain information about information (meta-information) available on the Internet or in the holdings of digital libraries but not the information itself. Users can benefit from these systems in two ways depending on what information is modeled in them. Firstly, these systems allow for new types of queries; secondly, the quality of retrieval results is improved. This paper sets out how semantic, geographical, and temporal relationships can be integrated into digital catalog systems and how these relationships can be used to enhance search and retrieval processes in such systems. The presentation covers both concepts and a comprehensive description of a digital catalog system which is already used by environmental agencies.


Digital Catalog Systems Semantic Geographical Temporal Relationships German Environmental Information Network 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [ADL97a] Scholar
  2. [ADL97b] Scholar
  3. [Bat94]
    W.D. Batschi. Environmental Thesaurus and Classification of the Umweltbundesamt (German Federal Environmental Ageny) Berlin; Environmental Knowledge Organization and Information Management (eds. P. Stancikova, I. Dahlberg), INDEKS Verlag, Frankfurt/Main, 1994.Google Scholar
  4. [GELOS97] Scholar
  5. [GILS97. Scholar
  6. [GIFo95]
    H. Gladney, E. Fox, Z. Ahmed, R. Ashany, N. Belkin, M. Zemankova. Digital Library: Gross Structure and Requirements: Reports from a March 1994 Workshop. Proc. Digital Libraries '94, College Station, Texas, 101–107, 1994 ( Scholar
  7. [GüLe96]
    O. Günther, H. Lessing, W. Swoboda. UDK: A European Environmental Data Catalog. Proc. Third International Conference in Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling. National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis, Santa Barbara (USA). FE-CD-ROM/sf papers/ guenther_oliver/my paper.html, 1996.Google Scholar
  8. [Kaju95]
    Ch. Kacmar, D. Jue, D. Stage, Ch. Koontz. Automatic Creation and Maintenance of an Organizational Spatial Metadata and Document Digital Library. Proc. Digital Libraries '95, Austin, Texas, 97–105, 1995 ( Scholar
  9. [LaDa95]
    C. Lagoze, J. Davis. Dienst — An Architecture for Distributed Document Libraries. Communications of the ACM, April 1995, Vol 38, No 4 page 47. See also Carl Lagozes Homepage ( to get more information on Dienst.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [LeMa95]
    D. Levy, C. Marshall. Going digital: a look at assumptions underlying digital libraries. Communications of the ACM, 38(4) 67–75, 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [Lev95]
    D. Levy. Cataloging in the Digital Order. Proc. Digital Libraries '95, Austin, Texas, 31–37, 1995 ( Scholar
  12. [NeFu95]
    D. Nebert, J. Fullton. Use of the Isite Z39.50 software to search and retrieve spatially-referenced data. Proc. Digital Libraries '95, Austin, Texas, 107–114, 1995 ( Scholar
  13. [NGDC97] Scholar
  14. [OCLC97] Scholar
  15. [RiMa97]
    W.-F. Riekert, R. Mayer-Föll, G. Wiest. Management of Data and Services in the Environmental Information System (UIS) of Baden-Württemberg. ACM SIGMOD Record, 26 (2), 1997.Google Scholar
  16. [SeMo97]
    J. Seggelke, B. Mohaupt-Jahr. Der Verweis-und Kommunikationsservice des Umweltbundesamts — Ein Modellfall für das Umwelt-Intranet. Umweltinformatik '97. Tagungsband. Metropolis-Verlag, Marburg, 1997.Google Scholar
  17. [ToA197]
    K. Tochtermann, Th. Alders, A. Seifert. DogitaLSI: the Dortmund digital library system. Special Issue `Digital Libraries' Journal of Network and Computer Applications (Academic Press), 21 (1), 59–73, 1997.Google Scholar
  18. [USES 97] Scholar
  19. [Z39.50] Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Tochtermann
    • 1
  • Wolf-Fritz Riekert
    • 1
  • Gerlinde Wiest
    • 1
  • Jürgen Seggelke
    • 2
  • Birgit Klohaupt-Jahr
    • 2
  1. 1.FAW — Research Institute for Applied Knowledge ProcessingUlmGermany
  2. 2.Federal Environmental AgencyBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations