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Photoconducting polymers

  • Vladimir S. Mylnikov
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 115)

Abstract

Photoelectric phenomena in all the available classes of organic polymers are reviewed. Photogeneration, transport and recombination processes of the charge carriers are analysed from the point of view of semiconductor physics. Special attention is given to the relationships between chemical structure and photoelectrical properties of the macromolecular compounds. Chemical and spectral sensitization of the photoconductivity by dyes and donor-acceptor molecules is discussed. The status and prospects of the application of the polymeric photoconductors as new prospective electronic materials are analyzed in optoelectronics, holography, nonlinear elements, electrophotographic and photothermoplastic recording.

Keywords

Charge Carrier Electric Field Strength Photoelectrical Property Drift Mobility Dark Conductivity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Symbols and Abbreviations

Δσ

photoconductivity

e

electron charge

Δn

concentration of the excess electrons

Δp

concentration of the excess holes

μn

electron mobility

μp

hole mobility

ε

mean charge carrier life time

iph

photocurrent

F

generation velocity of the charge carriers

G

gain coefficient

ttr

transit time

vd

drift velocity of the charge

E

electric field strength

V

voltage

L

distance between electrodes

C

capacity

τr

dielectric relaxation time

ΔB

width of the photoconductor band transmission

τo

response time of the photoconductor with traps

n

concentration of the free carriers

nt

concentration of the trapped carriers

vo

surface potential

φ

generation efficiency

I

light intensity

CT

charge transfer state

ϕ0

initial quantum yield

ϕ

quantum yield

r

distance between thermalized pairs or molecules

f(r, θ)

the part of the dissotiated thermalized pairs in Onsager theory

g(r, θ)

spatial distribution of the pairs

ΔEFP

Pool-Frenkel decrease of the potential barrier

βFP

Pool-Frenkel coefficient

vjk

interaction energy between j and k states

vc

critical value of the energy

w

statistical interval of the state energy

CTC

charge transfer complex

PVC

polyvinylcarbazole

PEPC

poly-epoxy-vinylcarbazole

m

carbazole group

m*

exited carbazole group

e*

eximer

k

constant rate of eximer disintegration

\(\tilde m*\)

exited CT level

t

impurity level

t*

exited exiplex

\(\tilde t*\)

coupled ion-radical pair

ECT

energy of the CT state

Id

donor ionization potential

AA

electron affinity

Ec

energy of coulombic interaction

Er

resonance energy of donor-acceptor interaction

A

acceptor

D

donor

A, D+

ions

cis (CH)x

cis-polyacetylene

trans (CH)x

trans-polyacetylene

1D

one-dimensional system

3D

three-dimentional systems

S+-S

charged soliton-antisoliton pair

P+-P

polaron pair

e-h-

electron-hole pair

PAC

polyphenylacetylenide of copper

lexan

poly (biphenol-A carbonate)

TPA

triphenylamine

IPC

isopropylcarbazole

Ro

radius of the local center

ρo

distance between local centers

j

localization parameter

SLM

spatiotemporal light modulator

TNF

2,4,7-trinitrofluorenone

ΔE

activation energy

Tef

effective temperature

To

experimental temperature which characterize the transport system

e.m.f.

electromotive force

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir S. Mylnikov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Cinema and TelevisionSt. PetersburgRussia

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