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Polysiloxane containing copolymers: A survey of recent developments

Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER,volume 86)

Abstract

The principal focus of this review will be to document and discuss the recent developments in the synthesis, properties and applications of polyorganosiloxane containing block, segmented and graft copolymers and network structures. Special emphasis will be given to the synthesis and characterization of reactive, organofunctionally-terminated siloxane oligomers, which are the key starting materials or intermediates in the preparation of these well-defined copolymers. Use of these functionally terminated oligomers in the modification of network structures will be discussed. Detailed descriptions of the copolymer formation reactions and the effect of reaction variables, such as temperature and solvent, on the properties of the resultant materials will be given. Discussions of the bulk and surface morphology of siloxane containing copolymers and their blends with other polymeric systems will be provided. Potential applications of these novel materials and possible future directions in the chemistry and technology of polyorganosiloxane containing polymeric systems will also be discussed.

Keywords

  • Block Copolymer
  • Graft Copolymer
  • Hard Segment
  • Liquid Crystalline Polymer
  • Anionic Polymerization

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Abbreviations

PDMS:

Polydimethylsiloxane

PDPS:

Polydiphenylsiloxane

D:

Dimethylsiloxane

D3 :

Hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane

D4 :

Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane

D″:

Diphenylsiloxane

D″4 :

Octaphenylcyclotetrasiloxane

M:

Trimethylsilicon

F:

(1,1,1-trifluoropropyl,methyl)siloxane

TMPS:

Tetramethyl-p-silphenylenesiloxane

PSX:

Polysiloxane oligomer

Mn:

Number average molecular weight

Mw:

Weight average molecular weight

MWD:

Molecular weight distribution

Tg:

Glass transition temperature

Tm:

Melting temperature

Tc:

Crystallization temperature

THF:

Tetrahydrofuran

DMF:

N,N-Dimethylformamide

DMAC:

N,N-Dimethylacetamide

NMP:

1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone

EEE:

2-Ethoxyethyl ether

MEK:

Methyl ethyl ketone

MMA:

Methyl methacrylate

St:

Styrene

MDI:

4,4′-Diphenylmethane diisocyanate

TDI:

Tolylene diisocyanate

HMDI:

Bis(4-isocyanatocyclohexyl)methane

PMDA:

Pyromellitic dianhydride

BTDA:

Benzophenonetetracarboxylicacid dianhydride

ODA:

4-Aminophenyl ether

DDS:

p-Aminophenyl sulfone

Bis-A:

Bisphenol-A

BPF:

Bisphenol fluorenone

MDEA:

N-Methyldiethanolamine

HEMA:

Hydroxyethyl methacrylate

PACM:

Bis(4-aminocyclohexyl)methane

AIBN:

Azobisisobutyronitrile

PEO:

Poly(ethylene oxide)glycol

PVC:

Poly(vinyl chloride)

PMMA:

Poly(methyl methacrylate)

PSF:

Polysulfone

PS:

Polystyrene

PC:

Bisphenol-A Polycarbonate

PET:

Poly(ethylene terephthalate)

RTV:

Room Temperature Vulcanization

SIS:

Styrene-Isoprene-Styrene Triblock Copolymer

SBS:

Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene Triblock Copolymer

DP:

Degree of polymerization

IPN:

Interpenetrating Network

DSC:

Differential Scanning Calorimetry

TMA:

Thermomechanical Analysis

TGA:

Thermogravimetric Analysis

DMA:

Dynamic Mechanical Analysis

UV:

Ultraviolet Spectroscopy

IR:

Infrared Spectroscopy

'H-NMR:

Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

FT-IR:

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

DR:

Diffuse Reflectance

ATR:

Attenuated Total Reflectance

GPC:

Gel Permeation Chromatography

VPO:

Vapor Pressure Osmometry

ESCA:

Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (also called XPS)

XPS:

X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy

SEM:

Scanning Electron Microscopy

TEM:

Transmission Electron Microscopy

SAXS:

Small Angle X-Ray Scattering

WAXS:

Wide Angle X-Ray Scattering

SANS:

Small Angle Neutron Scattering

E′:

Storage Modulus

MPa:

Mega Pascal

[η]:

Intrinsic Viscosity

LEO:

Low Earth Orbit

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Yilgör, İ., McGrath, J.E. (1988). Polysiloxane containing copolymers: A survey of recent developments. In: Polysiloxane Copolymers/Anionic Polymerization. Advances in Polymer Science, vol 86. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/BFb0025274

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