Parla: A cooperation language for cognitive multi-agent systems

  • A. C. P. L. da Costa
  • G. Bittencourt
Multi-Agent Systems and Distributed Artificial Intelligence
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1323)


One of the main goals of Distributed Artificial Intelligence is to devise methods to join a community of Computational Agents into a Multi-Agent System, where these agents can cooperate to reach common goals. Cooperation in a Cognitive Agent community is usually supported by an Agent Communication Language (ACL) which allows the agents to exchange knowledge and information through a computer network. In this paper, we propose Parla, a high level agent communication language to cognitive multi-agent systems. This language is based on a standard message format, that contains the necessary information for the message integrity, network security and groupware services to be implemented. These services can either be performed by the lower layers of the system or be included in the high level agent communication support. This message format has a specific slot to store the cooperation language expressions. These expressions consist of a primitive name and an argument, which should be a valid expression of a knowledge representation formalism supported by the cognitive agent. The following aspects of the Parla language are presented: language layers, agent communication support requirements, message format, primitive set and primitive semantics. To demonstrate the language use, a cooperation example among four agents is presented. In this example, each agent has its own specific domain of knowledge but, because of global interdependences, cooperation is necessary. This example refers to the recomposition of part of the South Brazil's electrical network.

Content Areas

Agent-Oriented Programming Distributed AI Expert Systems Planning and Scheduling 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. C. P. L. da Costa
    • 1
  • G. Bittencourt
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratório de Controle e Microinformática Departamento de Engenharia ElétricaUniversidade Federal de Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil

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