Organolanthoid Chemistry: Synthesis, Structure, Catalysis pp 33-112

Part of the Topics in Current Chemistry book series (TOPCURRCHEM, volume 179) | Cite as

Lanthanide amides

  • Reiner Anwander
Chapter

Abstract

The present review should be seen far beyond pure homage to organometallic lanthanide amide chemistry. The class which is settled between the alkyl and alkoxide counterparts has claimed its own importance within the family of organolanthanide compounds during the last ten years. Meanwhile compound design can fall back on an extensive reservoir of sterically and electronically tailored ligands. Of course, the “lanthanide dilemma” requires special emphasis on structural chemistry, although, encouraging applications should highlight this review. The thermal stability and kinetic lability of the Ln-N bond make this class of lanthanide compounds not only a valuable synthetic precursor. The article covers the literature until mid-1995 and seeks to uncover the current trends in this field.

List of Symbols and Abbreviations

A

adduct ligand

ac

acetonate

acac

acetylacetonate

AIP

2-phenylamino-4-phenylimino-2-pentene

bdsa

bis(dimethylsilyl)amide

BiPy

bipyridine

btsa

bis(trimethylsilyl)amide

cbz

carbazole

COT

cyclooctatetraene

Cp

η5-cyclopentadienyl

Cp*

η5-pentamethylcyclopentadienyl

DAB

1,4-diazabutadiene

H2-DAC

4,13-diaza-18-crown-6

DME

1,2-dimethoxyethane

dmp

dimethylpyrrole

DMPE

1,2-bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane

dmpz

dimethylpyrazole

Im

imidazole

L

ligand

Ln

lanthanide (Sc, Y, La, Ce-Lu)

Nc

naphthalocyanine

OEP

2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-octa(ethyl)porphyrin

OEPG

meso-octaethylporphyrinogen

p

pyrrole

Pc

phthalocyanine

pin

2-phenylindole

Por

porphyrin

Py

pyridine

pz

pyrazole

silox

tri-tert-butyl siloxide

TCB

1,2,4-trichlorobenzene

thd

2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionate

THF

tetrahydrofurane

TPP

meso-tetra(phenyl)porphyrin

tritox

tri-tert-butyl methoxide

trop

tropolonate

TTP

meso-tetra(tolyl)porphyrin

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reiner Anwander
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Chemical Technology IUniversity of StuttgartStuttgartGermany

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