Advertisement

The taxonomic analysis of mass extinction intervals: An approach to problems of resolution as shown by Cretaceous ammonite genera (global) and species (Western Interior of the United States)

  • Collom Christopher J. 
Mesozoic Events
Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences book series (LNEARTH, volume 30)

Abstract

The application of diverse, yet basic, analytical metrics to high-resolution temporal and taxonomic data allows for precise documentation of ammonite origination, diversification, extinction, and turnover rates at the genus-substage and species-biozone level through mass extinction intervals. These dynamics are investigated for the entire Cretaceous for ammonites at the generic level, and during the highly dynamic Cenomanian-Turonian extinction interval at the specific level. A stepwise pattern of extinction can be interpreted from these data when investigated using high-resolution event stratigraphic techniques.

Keywords

Mass Extinction Extinction Rate Diversification Rate Extinction Pattern Ammonite Genus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Birkelund, T. (1979): The last Maastrichtian ammonites: symposium on Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary Events: I. — In: Birkelund, T. & Bromley, R.G. (eds.): The Maastrichtian-Danian of Denmark. — University of Copenhagen, 51–57.Google Scholar
  2. Cobban, W. A. & Scott, G. R. (1972): Stratigraphy and ammonite fauna of the Graneros Shale and Greenhorn Limestone near Pueblo, Colorado. — United States Geological Survey Professional Paper, 645, 108 p.Google Scholar
  3. Elder, W. P. (1987): Cenomanian-Turonian (Cretaceous) stage boundary extinctions in the Western Interior of the United States. — Unpubl. PhD dissertation, University of Colorado, Boulder, 621 p.Google Scholar
  4. Haq, B. V., Hardenbol, J. & Vail, P.R. (1987): Chronology of fluctuating sea-levels since the Triassic. — Science, 235, 1156–67.Google Scholar
  5. Hinte, J. E. van (1976): A Cretaceous time scale. — Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. Bull., 60, 498–516.Google Scholar
  6. Hoffman, A. & Kitchell, J. A. (1984): Evolution in a pelagic planktic system: a paleobiologic test of models of multispecies evolution. — Paleobiology, 10, 9–33.Google Scholar
  7. Kauffman, E. G. (1977): Geological and biological overview: Western Interior Cretaceous Basin. — Mountain Geologist, 13, 75–99.Google Scholar
  8. Kauffman, E. G. (1984): Paleobiogeography and evolutionary response dynamic in the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway of North America. — Geological Association of Canada, Special Paper, 27 (G. E. Westermann, ed.), 273–306.Google Scholar
  9. Kauffman, E. G. (1988): Concepts and Methods of High-Resolution Event Stratigraphy. — Ann. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 605–654.Google Scholar
  10. McGhee, G. R. (1988): The Late Devonian extinction event: evidence for abrupt ecosystem collapse. — Paleobiology, 14, 250–257.Google Scholar
  11. Moore, R. C. (ed.) (1957): Ammonoidea; Part L (Mollusca 4); Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. — Geological Society of America and Univ. of Kansas Press, 490 p.Google Scholar
  12. Orth, C. J., Attrep, M., Mao, X. Y., Kauffman, E. G., Diner, R. & Elder, W. P (1988): Iridium abundance maxima in the Upper Cenomanian extinction interval. — Geophys. Res. Letters, 15, 346–349.Google Scholar
  13. Pratt, L. M., Kauffman, E. G. & Zelt, F. B. (eds.) (1985): Fine-grained deposits and biofacies of the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway: evidence of cyclic sedimentary processes. — Soc. Econ. Paleontol. Mineral. Field Trip Guideb., 4, 288 p.Google Scholar
  14. Raup, D. M. & Sepkoski, J. J. (1986): Periodic extinction of families and genera. — Science, 231, 833–836.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Roth, P. H. (1987): Mesozoic calcareous nannofossil evolution: relation to paleoceanographic events. — Paleoceanography, 2, 601–611.Google Scholar
  16. Sepkoski, J. J (1986): Global bioevents and the question of periodicity. — In: Walliser, O. H. (ed.): Lecture notes in Earth Sci., 8, 47–61; Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  17. Signor, P. W. & Lipps, J. H. (1982): Sampling bias, gradual extinction patterns and catastrophes in the fossil record. — Geological Society of America Special Paper, 190, 291–296.Google Scholar
  18. Ward, P. D. & MacLeod, K. (1988): Macrofossil extinction patterns at Bay of Biscay Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary sections (abstract). — Global Catastrophes in Earth History conference abstract vol., LPI Contribution No. 673, 206–207.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Collom Christopher J. 
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Geological SciencesUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA

Personalised recommendations