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Differential Diagnosis of Drug-Resistant Pulmonary Tuberculosis

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Diagnostic Imaging of Drug Resistant Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Abstract

Tuberculosis is a respiratory infectious disease caused by infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The emergence of drug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (DR-TB), bringing new challenges to the whole world, is one of the greatest barriers for human beings to conquer tuberculosis and has become a major public health problem endangering human health. Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), referring to mycobacteria other than Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and Mycobacterium leprae, invades mainly the lungs and has certain similarities with DR-TB concerning clinical and imaging manifestations, despite their particular traits making them distinguishable to each other [1–9]. Imaging examination, especially chest CT scans expediting and facilitating diagnosis, is of great significance for the diagnosis of both diseases and capable of providing certain evidences for early clinical diagnosis and treatment prior to the confirmation of diagnosis based on the sputum culture results.

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Xu, Yf. et al. (2023). Differential Diagnosis of Drug-Resistant Pulmonary Tuberculosis. In: Lu, PX., Lu, Hz., Yi, Yx. (eds) Diagnostic Imaging of Drug Resistant Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-99-8339-1_14

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