An Enhanced ITU-R 837-6 Rain Rate Prediction Model for Tropical Region

  • Folasade Abiola Semire
  • Rosmiwati Mohd-Mokhtar
  • Widad Ismail
  • Norizah Mohamad
  • J. S. Mandeep
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 291)


This paper presents an enhanced rain rate model based on ITU-R 837-6 rain rate prediction. The improved model is derived from well behaved cumulative distribution function of over 100 rainfall rate samples from tropical region. The performance evaluation results show an improvement of −24.93 and 16.67 % in term of bias and root mean square of the relative estimation error respectively.


Rain rate ITU-R-837-6 TRMM Rainfall database 



Authors would like to thank Universiti Sains Malaysia for the awarded RU-PRGS grant (1001/PELECT/8046022) to support this project.


  1. 1.
    Ippolito LJ (2008) Satellite communication systems engineering: atmospheric effects, satellite link design, and system performance. Wiley, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Allnutt JE (1989) Satellite-to-ground radiowave propagation: theory, practice and system impact at frequencies above 1 GHz. Peter Perigrinus Ltd, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Crane RK (2003) A local model for the prediction of rain-rate statistics for rain-attenuation models. IEEE Trans Antennas Propag 51(9):2260–2273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ito C, Hosoya Y (1999) Worldwide 1 min rain rate distribution prediction method which uses thunderstorm ratio as regional climatic parameter. Electron Lett 35(18):1585–1587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mandeep SJS, Hassan SIS, Ain MF, Ghani F, Kiyoshi I, Kenji T, Mitsuyoshi I (2006) Earth-to-space improved model for rain attenuation prediction at ku-band. Am J Appl Sci 3(8):1967–1969CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Moupfouma F (1994) More about rainfall rate and their prediction for radio system engineering. IEE Proc 134-H(6):527–537Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Semire FA, Mohd-Mokhtar R, Omotosho TV, Ismail W, Mohamad N, Mandeep JS (2012) Analysis of cumulative distribution function of 2-year rainfall measurements in Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Int J Appl Sci Eng 10(3):171–179Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    ITU-R 837-6 (2012) Characteristics of precipitation for propagation modelling. Telecommunication system, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Simpson J, Adler RF, North GR (1996) A proposed tropical rainfall measuring mission (TRMM) satellite. Bull Amer Meteor Soc 69:278–295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Omotosho VT, Oluwafemi CO (2009) Impairment of radio wave signal by rainfall on fixed satellite service on earth-space path at 37 stations in Nigeria. J Atmos Solar-Terr Phys 77:830–840CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Folasade Abiola Semire
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rosmiwati Mohd-Mokhtar
    • 1
  • Widad Ismail
    • 1
  • Norizah Mohamad
    • 1
  • J. S. Mandeep
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringUniversiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering CampusNibong TebalMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Electronic and Electrical EngineeringLadoke Akintola University of TechnologyOgbomosoNigeria
  3. 3.Department of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringUniversiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia

Personalised recommendations