Advertisement

Learner Adaptivity: An Initial Conceptualisation

Chapter
Part of the Education Innovation Series book series (EDIN)

Abstract

In an ever-changing world of the twenty-first century, learners need to be able to adapt. Adaptivity cuts across knowledge in various domains; it is a life skill as well as an attitude towards learning, work and life in general from childhood to adulthood. This chapter explores the various facets of adaptivity by examining it with an etymology and concept map. The importance of learner adaptivity is discussed through the various frameworks and review of literature from two main bodies of work: formal education and work, including concepts such as cognitive flexibility, adaptive expertise, career adapt-abilities framework, and the individual adaptivity theory. While there are differences in the two bodies of work, five commonalities can be drawn. Our conceptualisation follows a dispositional approach of learner adaptability which focuses on learner adaptivity as an individual construct. An attitudes, skills, and knowledge framework of learner adaptivity is developed based on the review.

Keywords

Adaptive Performance Learner Adaptivity Learning Transfer Work Context School Adjustment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Barnett, S. M., & Ceci, S. J. (2002). When and where do we apply what we learn? A taxonomy for far transfer. Psychological Bulletin, 128(4), 612–637. doi: 10.1037//0033-2909.128.4.612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beach, K. (1999). Consequential transitions: A sociocultural expedition beyond transfer in education. Review of Research in Education, 24, 101–139.Google Scholar
  3. Billett, S. (2009). Personal epistemologies, work and learning. Educational Research Review, 4(3), 210–219. doi: 10.1016/j.edurev.2009.06.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Billett, S. (2012). Recasting transfer as a socio-personal process of adaptable learning. Educational Research Review, 8, 5–13. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2012.05.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bimrose, J., Brown, A., Barnes, S. A., & Hughes, D. (2011). The role of career adaptability in skills supply. Evidence report 35 (Main Report). Wath-upon-Dearne: UK Commission for Employment and Skills.Google Scholar
  6. Binkley, M., Erstad, O., Herman, J., Raizen, S., Ripley, M., Miller-Ricci, M., et al. (2012). Defining twenty-first century skills. In P. Griffin, B. McGaw, & E. Care (Eds.), Assessment and teaching of 21st century skills (pp. 17–66). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brown, A., Bimrose, J., Barnes, S. A., & Hughes, D. (2012). The role of career adaptabilities for mid-career changers. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(2012), 754–761. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2012.01.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chamberlin-Quinlisk, C. (2010). Language learner/native speaker interactions: Exploring adaptability in intercultural encounters. Intercultural Education, 21(4), 365–377. doi: 10.1080/14675986.2010.506704.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Debebe, G. (2002). Guest learning and adaptation in the field: A Navajo case study. Development in Practice, 12(3–4), 355–369. doi: 1080/0961450220149726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Droba, D. D. (1933). The nature of attitude. Journal of Social Psychology, 4(4), 444–463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Du, J., Havard, B., & Li, H. (2005). Dynamic online discussion: Task-oriented interaction for deep learning. Educational Media International, 42(3), 207–218. doi: 10.1080/09523980500161221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Duran, R. L. (1992). Communicative adaptability: A review of conceptualization and measurement. Communication Quarterly, 40, 253–268. doi: 10.1080/01463379209369840.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Engeström, Y., Engeström, R., & Kärkkäinen, M. (1995). Polycontextuality and boundary crossing in expert cognition: Learning and problem solving in complex work activities. Learning and Instruction, 5(4), 319–336. doi: 10.1016/0959-4752(95)00021-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Engle, R. A. (2006). Framing interactions to foster generative learning: A situative explanation of transfer in a community of learners classroom. The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 15(4), 451–498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Entwisle, D. R. (1995). The role of schools in sustaining early childhood program benefits. The Future of Children, 5, 133–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fugate, M., & Kinicki, A. J. (2008). A dispositional approach to employability: Development of a measure and test of implications for employee reactions to organizational change. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 81(3), 503–527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hartung, P. J., Porfeli, E. J., & Vondracek, F. W. (2008). Career adaptability in childhood. The Career Development Quarterly, 57(1), 63–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hatano, G., & Inagaki, K. (1986). Two courses of expertise. In H. Stevenson, H. Azuma, & H. Hakuta (Eds.), Children development and education in Japan (pp. 262–272). New York: Freeman.Google Scholar
  19. Haynes, A. (2006). On commissioning editors. Journal of Scholarly Publishing, 37(4), 237–250. doi: 10.3138/jsp.37.4.237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hillage, J., & Pollard, E. (1999). Employability: Developing a framework for policy analysis. Labour Market Trends, 107, 83–84.Google Scholar
  21. Hirschi, A. (2009). Career adaptability development in adolescence: Multiple predictors and effect on sense of power and life satisfaction. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 74(2), 145–155. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2009.01.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Huntley, M. A., Marcus, R., Kahan, J., & Miller, J. L. (2007). Investigating high-school students’ reasoning strategies when they solve linear equations. The Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 26(2), 115–139. doi: 10.1016/j.jmathb.2007.05.005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ionescu, T. (2012). Exploring the nature of cognitive flexibility. New Ideas in Psychology, 30(2), 190–200. doi: 10.1016/j.newideapsych.2011.11.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kameda, T., & Nakanishi, D. (2003). Does social/cultural learning increase human adaptability? Rogers’s question revisited. Evolution and Human Behavior, 24(4), 242–260. doi: 10.1016/S1090-5138(03)00015-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Karaevli, A., & Hall, D. T. (2006). How career variety promotes the adaptability of managers: A theoretical model. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69(3), 359–373. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2006.05.009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ladd, G. W. (1990). Having friends, keeping friends, making friends, and being liked by peers in the classroom: Predictors of children's early school adjustment? Child Development, 61(4), 1081–1100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lee, S.-S., & Hung, D. (2012). Is there an instructional framework for 21st century learning? Creative Education, 3(4), 461–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. McLagan, P. A. (1997). Competencies: The next generation. Training and Development, 51(5), 40–47.Google Scholar
  29. Ministry of Education, Singapore [MOE]. (2009). Education and career guidance. Retrieved from http://www.moe.gov.sg/education/programmes/social-emotional-learning/education-career-guidance/
  30. Ministry of Education, Singapore [MOE]. (2010). Competencies for the 21st century. Retrieved from http://www.moe.gov.sg/committee-of-supply-debate/files/nurturing-our-young.pdf
  31. Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). (2012). Retrieved from http://www.oed.com
  32. Payne, J. W., Bettman, J. R., & Johnson, E. J. (1993). The adaptive decision maker. Cambridge, UK/New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Perry, K. E., & Weinstein, R. S. (1998). The social context of early schooling and children's school adjustment. Educational Psychologist, 33(4), 177–194. doi: 10.1207/s15326985ep3304_3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Phillips, S. D. (1997). Toward an expanded definition of adaptive decision making. The Career Development Quarterly, 45(3), 275–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ployhart, R. E., & Bliese, P. D. (2006). Individual ADAPTability (I-ADAPT) theory: Conceptualizing the antecedents, consequences, and measurement of individual differences in adaptability. In C. S. Burke, L. G. Pierce, & E. Salas (Eds.), Understanding adaptability: A prerequisite for effective performance within complex environments (pp. 3–40). Amsterdam/London: Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Porfeli, E. J., & Savickas, M. L. (2012). Career adapt-abilities scale-USA form: Psychometric properties and relation to vocational identity. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(3), 748–753. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2012.01.009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Pulakos, E. D., Arad, S., Donovan, M. A., & Plamondon, K. E. (2000). Adaptability in the workplace: Development of a taxonomy of adaptive performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85(4), 612–624. doi: 10.1037//0021-9010.85.4.612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pulakos, E. D., Schmitt, N., Dorsey, D. W., Arad, S., Borman, W. C., & Hedge, J. W. (2002). Predicting adaptive performance: Further tests of a model of adaptability. Human Performance, 15(4), 299–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Savickas, M. L. (1997). Career adaptability: An integrative construct for life-span, life-space theory. The Career Development Quarterly, 45(3), 247–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Savickas, M. L. (2005). The theory and practice of career construction. In S. D. Brown & R. W. Lent (Eds.), Career development and counseling: Putting theory and research to work (pp. 42–70). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  41. Savickas, M. L., & Porfeli, E. J. (2012). Career adapt-abilities scale: Construction, reliability, and measurement equivalence across 13 countries. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(3), 661–673. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2012.01.011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Schwartz, D., Bransford, J., & Sears, D. (2005). Efficiency and innovation in transfer. In J. Mestre (Ed.), Transfer of learning from a modern multidisciplinary perspective (pp. 1–51). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.Google Scholar
  43. Sfard, A., & Linchevski, L. (1994). The gains and the pitfalls of reification – The case of algebra. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 26(2), 191–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Shaari, I., & Lee, S.-S. (2014). Building relationships between schools and community agencies in adapting to 21st century demands: Critical factors. In D. Hung, K. Y. T. Lim & S.-S. Lee (Eds.), Adaptivity as a transformative disposition for learning in the 21st century. New York/Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.Google Scholar
  45. Simonet, G. (2010). The concept of adaptation: Interdisciplinary scope and involvement in climate change. SAPIEN. S. Surveys and Perspectives Integrating Environment and Society, 3(1), 1–9.Google Scholar
  46. Wang, M., Zhan, Y., Mccune, E., & Truxillo, D. (2011). Understanding newcomers’ adaptability and work-related outcomes: Testing the mediating roles of perceived P-E fit variables. Personnel Psychology, 64(1), 163–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Yeo, L. S., & Clarke, C. (2006). Adjustment to the first year in school – A Singapore perspective. European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 14(2), 55–68. doi: 10.1080/13502930285209911.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of EducationNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations