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Environmental Sustainability Assessment of Biofuel Production from Oil Palm Biomass

  • Keat Teong LeeEmail author
  • Cynthia Ofori-Boateng
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

With the aim of minimizing the dependency on fossil fuels whilst improving the economic viability and environmental performances of oil palm production for biofuels production, emission control from these systems become invincible. However, with best management practices couples with stringent adherence to basic environmental sustainability principles, these hurdles may be surmounted. The environmental sustainability dimension of impact assessment for this chapter is based on life cycle assessment for common palm biofuels like biodiesel, bioethanol, bio-methanol via BtL route, biogas and bio-electricity from oil palm biomass. Possible improvement options are also outlined in this chapter to ensure more positive energy balance and almost zero emissions from each of the biofuels production systems considered.

Keywords

Life cycle assessment Greenhouse gas emissions Palm biofuels Bioelectricity Environmental sustainability Climate change Energy balance 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemical Engineering CampusUniversiti Sains MalaysiaSPS PenangMalaysia

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