An Application of QFD in Aircraft Conceptual Design

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 680)


Aircraft conceptual design is the very beginning of aircraft design process in which one or several aircraft configurations are created to meet the top-level requirements of aircraft. The aim of this paper is to build a more traceable, structured and systematic process of aircraft conceptual design by use of Quality Function Deployment (QFD) method. The conceptual design of a narrow body commercial aircraft is used as an example to illustrate application of the QFD. The top-level requirements of the commercial aircraft are defined. The conceptual design activities such as initial sizing of aircraft, wing configuration design, fuselage configuration design, and empennage configuration design are accomplished using House of Quality (HOQ). During initial sizing of aircraft, the top-level requirements of aircraft are converted into the requirements for aerodynamics, propulsion and weight with the aid of HOQ and constraint analysis. During configuration designs of the wing, fuselage and empennage, their requirements are identified based on the top-level requirements and output of the initial sizing, and consist of requirements of aerodynamics, structure, control, safety, operation, cost and etc. Several HOQs representing the relationships between the requirements and the configuration design parameters are created. After that, the configuration design parameters are selected with the aid of the HOQ and relevant design knowledges. By use of the QFD, aircraft conceptual design activities are represented by a number of the HOQ and the design process of configuration parameters is traceable through the HOQ. It is concluded that the QFD-based aircraft conceptual design is more traceable, structured and systematic than the traditional method.


Aircraft conceptual design Systems engineering Quality function deployment House of quality Commercial aircraft 



This work is partially supported by Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China Ltd (COMAC).


  1. 1.
    Sadraey MH (2012) Aircraft design—a systems engineering approach. WileyGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tan RKW (2000) Quality functional deployment as a conceptual aircraft design tool. Dissertation, Naval Postgraduate SchoolGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lin Y, Wang HP (2008) A method for identifying important design features in aircraft conceptual design phase. Comput Simul 25(8):47–50 (Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kamal AM, Ramirez-Serrano A (2019) Systematic approach to conceptual design selection for hybrid UAVs using structured design methods. In: AIAA, pp 2019–2097.
  5. 5.
    Kamal AM, Ramirez-Serrano A (2020) Systematic methodology for aircraft concept development with application to transitional aircraft. J Aircr.
  6. 6.
    Ashtiany MS, Alipour A (2016) Integration axiomatic design with quality function deployment and sustainable design for the satisfaction of an airplane tail stakeholders. Procedia CIRP 53:142–150Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dasuki NK, Romli FI (2018) Quality function deployment for new standing cabin concept of commercial transport aircraft. J Mech Eng 5(2):247–257Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hauser RJ, Clausing D (1998) The house of quality. Harv Bus Rev. Accessed 20 Apr 2020
  9. 9.
    Bae BY, Kim S, Lee JW (2017) Process of establishing design requirements and selecting alternative configurations for conceptual design of a VLA. Chin J Aeronaut 30(02):738–751Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Awasthi A, Chauhan SS (2011) A hybrid approach integrating affinity diagram, AHP and fuzzy TOPSIS for sustainable city logistics planning. Appl Math Model 36(2):573–584Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Deng X, Li JM, Zeng HJ (2012) Research on computation methods of AHP weight vector and its applications. Math Pract Theory 42(07):93–100 (Chinese)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Raymer D (2018) Aircraft design: a conceptual approach. In: AIAA, 6rd edn. RestonGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Scholz D. Exams and solutions for the lecture aircraft design. Haw Hamburg. Accessed 20 Apr 2020
  14. 14.
    McDonald RA (2016) Advanced modeling in OpenVSP. In: AIAA.

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Aerospace EngineeringNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina

Personalised recommendations