Skip to main content

Building Performance Assessment Protocol for Timber Dwellings—Conducting Thermography Tests on Live Construction Sites

  • Conference paper
  • First Online:
Sustainability in Energy and Buildings

Part of the book series: Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies ((SIST,volume 163))

Abstract

This paper introduces the pan-Wales (UK) Home-Grown Homes (HGH) project (2018 to 2020) which focusses on three areas of improvement for delivering high performance, affordable and healthy homes. The HGH project is funded by Powys County Council, through the European Regional Development Fund’s Agricultural Stream. The HGH project is being delivered by Woodknowledge Wales in a consortium with Cardiff Metropolitan University (CMU), TRADA and Coed Cymru, with seven work packages. ‘More and Better Homes from Wood’ (work package (WP) WP3) focusses on the assessment of building performance for dwellings using timber, and is being delivered by a multi-disciplinary team at CMU through the Sustainable and Resilient Built Environment (SuRBe) group. This paper discusses the context and need for the HGH project as Wales launched its low carbon agenda in March 2019. The focus of this paper on introducing the building performance assessment (BPA) protocol to be implemented by SuRBe across several housing case studies in Wales, through the design, in-construction and occupancy phases, to address thermal and fire (TaF) performance issues, and impacts on occupants’ quality of life, comfort and safety. Preliminary results of in-construction testing on a live construction site are presented, with the challenges of conducting thermography tests whilst construction is in progress and weather conditions in spring in the UK (April 2019). This paper will be useful for academics, architects, building contractors, housing developers and professionals undertaking building performance assessment and evaluation on live construction sites.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 169.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Littlewood, J.R.: Assessing and monitoring the thermal performance of dwellings (Chapter Four). In: Emmitt, S. (ed.) Architectural Technology: Research & Practice Editor. Wiley Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2013)

    Google Scholar 

  2. Palmer, J., Cooper, I.: United Kingdom housing energy fact file. Department of Energy & Climate Change. Online access to official document developed by Cambridge Architectural Research, with data provided by BRE (2012). https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/201167/uk_housing_fact_file_2012.pdf. Accessed on 7 May 2019

  3. Farmer, M.: The Farmer review of the UK construction labour model. Online access to official document developed by Cast Consultancy, published by the Construction Leadership Council (CLC) (2016). http://www.constructionleadershipcouncil.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Farmer-Review.pdf. Accessed 7 May 2019

  4. Committee on Climate Change: UK housing: fit for the future? (2019). https://www.thecccorg.uk/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/UK-housing-Fit-for-the-future-CCC-2019.pdf. Accessed 9 May 2019

  5. Littlewood, J.R., Smallwood, I.: Testing Building fabric performance and the impacts upon occupant safety, energy use and carbon inefficiencies in dwelling. Energy Procedia 83, 454–463 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. WG: Welsh Government Consultation on transition to low carbon homes (2017). http://www.senedd.assembly.wales/documents/s71460/Consultation. Accessed 9 May 2019

  7. Anon: Offsite manufacturing—a real solution—buy better build more (2017). https://chcymru.org.uk/uploads/events_attachments/Offsite_Maufacturing_-_A_Real_Solution.pdf. Accessed 9 May 2019

  8. InnovateUK: building performance evaluation programme: findings from domestic projects making reality match design (2016). https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/497758/Domestic_Building_Performance_full_report_2016.pdf. Accessed 9 May 2019

  9. Johnston, D., Farmer, D., Brooke-Peat, M., Miles-Shenton, D.: Bridging the domestic building fabric performance gap. Build. Res. Inf. 44(2), 147–159 (2014). https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09613218.2014.979093

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. CIBSE Energy Performance Group: Carbon bites (2012). https://www.cibse.org/getmedia/55cf31bd-d9eb-4ffa-b2e2-e567327ee45f/cb11.pdf.aspx. Accessed 9 May 2019

  11. Meneses, et al.: Predicted vs. actual energy performance of non-domestic buildings: using post-occupancy evaluation data to reduce the performance gap. Appl. Energy 97, 355–364 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.11.075. Accessed 9 May 2019

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Dollar, T., Edwardsm, P.: Builders’ book—an illustrated guide to building energy efficient homes. Zero Carbon Hub (2016). http://www.zerocarbonhub.org/sites/default/files/resources/reports/Zero%20Carbon%20Hub%202015%20FINAL%20REV%202910_WEB.pdf. Accessed 9 May 2019

  13. Littlewood, J.R., Alam, M., Goodhew, S.: A new methodology for the selective measurement of building performance and safety. Energy Procedia 111, 338–346 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Littlewood, J.R.: Smart fire performance—assessment of occupant safety in specialised dwellings (Chapter 42). In: Sustainability in Energy and Buildings 2018 SEB’18. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Springer, vol. 131 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-04293-6

    Google Scholar 

  15. Littlewood, J.R., Smallwood, I.: In-construction tests show rapid smoke spread across dwellings. J. Eng. Sustain. 170(2), 102–112 (2017). Themed issue on sustainability in energy and buildings – part 2

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. BBC: London fire: a visual guide to what happened at Grenfell Tower (2018). http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-40301289. Accessed 10 May 2019

  17. FIA: New build homes are not fire safe. https://www.fia.uk.com/news/new-build-homes-are-not-fire-safe.html. Accessed 5 May 2019

  18. Littlewood, J.R.: Assessing thermal, acoustic and fire performance in reality. Keynote presentation at WoodBuild 2018, Cardiff Metropolitan University, 14th June 2018. https://woodknowledge.wales/wkw-resource/event/presentation/dr-john-littlewood. Accessed 15 May 2019

  19. Woodknowledge Wales: Home Grown Homes (2019). http://woodknowledge.wales/prosiect-cartrefi-o-bren-lleol-home-grown-homes. Accessed 6 September 2019

  20. WG: Innovative Housing Programme (IHP) (2019). https://gov.wales/innovative-housing-programme. Accessed 15 May 2019

  21. Infrared Training Center: Thermography Level 1 Course Manual. Infrared Training Center, Sweden (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  22. Atkinson, J., Littlewood, J.R., Geens, A., Karani, J.: Did ARBED I save energy in Wales’ deprived dwellings? Energy Procedia J. 83, 444–453 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Lechner, N.: Heating, Cooling, Lighting-Design Methods for Architects, 2nd edn. Wiley, Chichester, UK (2001)

    Google Scholar 

  24. Thomsen, K.E., Rose, J.: Analysis of Execution Quality Related to Thermal Bridges. Danish Building Research Institute, Denmark (2009)

    Google Scholar 

  25. Atkinson, J.: Evaluating exterior wall insulation. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, UK (2015)

    Google Scholar 

  26. Pearson, C.: A BSRIA guide to thermal imaging of the building fabric. BSRIA, UK, BG/9/2011 (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  27. Hopper, J., Littlewood, J.R., Geens, A., Counsell, J.A.M., Taylor, T., Thomas, A., Evans, N.: Assessing retrofitted external wall insulation using infrared thermography. Struct. Surv. J. 30(3), 245–266 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Philip, B. Jones, P., Littlewood, J.: Caerau heat network. Work package 9. Internal Report (2018)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to J. R. Littlewood .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

About this paper

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Littlewood, J.R., Waldron, D., Newman, G., Hedges, D., Zaccaro, F. (2020). Building Performance Assessment Protocol for Timber Dwellings—Conducting Thermography Tests on Live Construction Sites. In: Littlewood, J., Howlett, R., Capozzoli, A., Jain, L. (eds) Sustainability in Energy and Buildings. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, vol 163. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9868-2_62

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics