Economic Scale, the United Nations Membership Dues, and Shares of the World Bank
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This chapter explains the role of a country’s economic scale in its United Nations’ membership dues and shares in the World Bank. It starts with an introduction of the rules determining UN membership dues. In principle, UN membership dues are allocated in proportion equal to the proportion of each country’s GDP. However, per capita GDP is also used to determine preference concession. The chapter continues to explain how China’s UN membership dues have changed over time and shows that the choice of method—PPP or exchange rate—significantly affects the amount of membership dues paid by China. Finally, the authors discuss the payments to international financial institutions and voting rights, showing that a country’s decision-making power is related to its contribution.