The Business of International Education

  • Hyejin KimEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Education book series (BRIEFSEDUCAT)


International education does not have to be a business; for many schools, it still is not. Following the changes described in the previous chapters, a business of international education has developed. How does this business operate? How has corporatization changed international schools?


  1. Baltodano, M. (2012). Neoliberalism and the demise of public education: the corporatization of schools of education. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 25(4): 487–507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brighton College International Schools website. Accessed August 10, 2018.
  3. British Council. (2015). New British Council school in Malaysia announced. Accessed July 23, 2018.
  4. Bunnell, T. (2009). The exporting and franchising of elite English private schools: The emerging ‘second wave’. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 28(4), 383–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Busy Bees website. Accessed January 2018.
  6. Deveau, S. (2017. April 25). Canadian pension group to buy Nord Anglia at $4.3 billion value. Bloomberg. Accessed July 11, 2018.
  7. Eduarabia. (September 2010). Bloom properties to commence construction of Brighton College school in Abu Dhabi. Accessed August 10, 2018.
  8. EducationInvestor, April 9, 2009.Google Scholar
  9. EducationInvestor. (2010, October 21)Wellington’s conquest.Google Scholar
  10. EducationInvestor, November 3, 2015.Google Scholar
  11. EducationInvestor, June 29, 2016.Google Scholar
  12. EducationInvestor. (2017, February 27). Transnational education—A global race?.Google Scholar
  13. EducationInvestor. (September 2017). The Macron effect (pp. 34–35).Google Scholar
  14. Gardner-McTaggart, A. (2016). International elite, or global citizens? Equity, distinction and power: The International Baccalaureate and the rise of the South. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 14(1), 1–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gardner-McTaggart, A. (2018). The Promise of Advantage: Englishness in IB International Schools. Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education, 22(4): 109–114.Google Scholar
  16. Ge, C. (2015, September 7). China’s booming international school business untouched by slowdown. South China Morning Post. Accessed August 10, 2018.
  17. Harvey, D. (2005). A brief history of neoliberalism. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. IBO website. Accessed February 2014.
  19. IFC. (2010). Education Investment Guide: A guide for investors in private education in emerging markets. International Finance Corporation World Bank Group.Google Scholar
  20. Ledger, S. (2017). The International Baccalaureate standards and practices as reflected in literature (2009–2016). The International Schools Journal, 37(1), 32–44.Google Scholar
  21. Lee, M., & Wright, E. (2016). Moving from elite international schools to the world’s elite universities. International Journal of Comparative Education and Development, 18(2), 120–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lubienski, C. (2005). Public schools in marketized environments: Shifting incentives and unintended consequences of competition-based educational reforms. American Journal of Education, 111(4), 464–486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ong, J. (2016, May 13). Behind Singapore’s Success in the IB: More tuition? Channel News Asia. Accessed May 10, 2018.
  24. Rai, S. (2014, April 2). Billionaire education entrepreneur Varkey takes his Dubai school chain worldwide. Forbes. Accessed July 24, 2018.
  25. Saltman, K. J. (2005). The Edison schools: Corporate schooling and the assault on public education. New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Scott, D. (2017, April 25). Canadian pension group to buy Nord Anglia at $4.3 billion value. Bloomberg. Accessed July 22, 2018.
  27. SIIA website. (2016, April 19). Global webinar conference: Going global, international school markets—IB Edition. Accessed February 2018.
  28. Srivastava, P. (2016). Questioning the global scaling up of low-fee private schooling: The nexus between business, philanthropy, and PPPs. In A. Verger, C. Lubienski, & G. Steiner-Khamsi (Eds.), World yearbook of education 2016: The global education indistry (pp. 248–263). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  29. Tay, C., & Jaafar, S.S. (2017). Paramount Corp acquires 66% stake in REAL Education group for RM183 mil. The Edge Markets. Accessed August 20, 2018.
  30. Welch, A. (2011). Higher education in Southeast Asia: Blurring borders, changing balance. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wright, E., Lee, M., Tang, H., & Tsui, G. C. P. (2016). Why offer the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Programme? A comparison between schools in Asia-Pacific and other regions. Journal of Research in International Education, 15(1), 3–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wylie, I. (2012, December 13). Education goes global. Financial Times. Accessed February 1, 2015.
  33. Zhao, S., & Tam, J. (2014, June 3). Tax-free school rules attacked Tax-free status for schools attacked. South China Morning Post. Accessed July 22, 2018.

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Arts and Social SciencesNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations