Advertisement

Use of Chemical Fertilizers in Nepal—Issues and Implications

Chapter
  • 250 Downloads

Abstract

This chapter presents relevant empirical evidence to improve the understanding of issues related to the uses of chemical fertilizers, another important production input for agricultural productivity growth. It analyzes the trends of fertilizer use and prices in the country and their distribution across regions and crops and discusses the key emerging patterns of fertilizer use growth and their returns. It then summarizes the policy implications of these patterns.

Acronyms

ADB

Asian Development Bank

AIC

Agriculture Input Corporation

APROSC

Agricultural Projects Services Centre

CBS

Central Bureau of Statistics

DAP

Diammonium phosphate

EAs

Enumeration areas

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

IPNS

Integrated plant nutrient management system

MoAD

Ministry of Agricultural Development

MoP

Muriate of potash

NFP

National Fertilizer Policy

NLSS

Nepal Living Standard Survey

VDC

Village Development Committee

References

  1. ADB (Asian Development Bank). (2013). Draft final report. Technical assistance for the preparation of the agricultural development strategy. 7762-NEP. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  2. APROSC (Agricultural Projects Services Centre). (1995). Nepal agriculture perspective plan. Kathmandu, Nepal/Washington, DC: Agricultural Projects Services Centre/John Mellor Associates, Inc.Google Scholar
  3. FAO/IIASA (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis)/ISRIC (International Soil Reference and Information Centre)/ISSCAS (Institute of Soil Science–Chinese Academy of Sciences) JRC (Joint Research Centre of the European Commission). (2012). Harmonized world soil database, version 1.2. Rome, Laxenburg, Austria: FAO, IIASA. http://webarchive.iiasa.ac.at/Research/LUC/External-World-soil-database/HTML/.
  4. Gollin, D., Jedwab, R., & Vollrath, D. (2016). Urbanization with and without industrialization. Journal of Economic Growth, 21(1), 35–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Matthews, R. B., & Pilbeam, C. (2005). Modelling the long-term productivity and soil fertility of maize/millet cropping systems in the mid-hills of Nepal. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 111(1), 119–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ministry of Agricultural Development of Nepal (MOAD). (2015). Agriculture Development Strategy (ADS) 2015 to 2035. Kathmandu, Nepal.Google Scholar
  7. Nepal, CBS (Central Bureau of Statistics). (1996). Nepal Living Standards Survey Report 1996: Main Findings. Vol. 1. Computer disk. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  8. Nepal, CBS (Central Bureau of Statistics). (2004). Nepal Living Standards Survey II (2003/04): Survey Design and Implementation. Computer disk. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  9. Nepal, CBS (Central Bureau of Statistics). (2011). Nepal Living Standards Survey 2011/11: Statistical Report. Vol. 1. Computer disk. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  10. Pandey S. (2013). Role of fertilizer in transforming agricultural economy in Nepal. Unpublished report prepared for RESAKSS-ASIA, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  11. Pilbeam, C. J., Tripathi, B. P., Sherchan, D. P., Gregory, P. J., & Gaunt, J. (2000). Nitrogen balances for households in the Mid-Hills of Nepal. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 79(1), 61–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Rashid, S., Dorosh, P. A., Malek, M., & Lenma, S. (2013). Modern input promotion in sub-Saharan Africa: insights from Asian green revolution. Agricultural Economics, 44(6), 705–721.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Rigg, J., Salamanca, A., & Thompson, E. C. (2016). The puzzle of East and Southeast Asia’s persistent smallholder. Journal of Rural Studies, 43, 118–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Sharma, V. P. (2012). Dismantling fertilizer subsidies in India: Some issues and concerns for farm sector growth. Indian Institute of Management Working paper. September 1, 2012. Indian Institute of Management, Ahmadabad, India.Google Scholar
  15. Takeshima, H. (2017). Custom-hired tractor services and returns to scale in smallholder agriculture: A production function approach. Agricultural Economics, 48(3), 363–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Takeshima, H., Adhikari, R., Poudel, M. N., & Kumar, A. (2015). Farm household typologies and mechanization patterns in Nepal Terai. IFPRI Discussion Paper 01488.Google Scholar
  17. Takeshima, H., Adhikari, R., Kaphle, B. D., Shivakoti, S., & Kumar, A. (2016a). Determinants of chemical fertilizer use in Nepal: Insights based on price responsiveness and income effects. IFPRI Discussion Paper 01507.Google Scholar
  18. Takeshima, H., Shivakoti, S., Bhattarai, B., Karkee, M., Pokhrel, S., & Kumar, A. (2016b). Farms size and effects of chemical fertilizer price on farm households: Insights from Nepal Terai. IFPRI Discussion Paper 01578.Google Scholar
  19. Takeshima, H., Adhikari, R., Kaphle, B. D., Shivakoti, S., & Kumar, A. (2017). Heterogeneous returns to chemical fertilizer at the intensive margins: Insights from Nepal. Food Policy, 69, 97–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. World Bank. (2016). World Bank Development Indicator. Accessed on July 28, 2016.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Food Policy Research InstituteWashington, DCUSA

Personalised recommendations