Class, Migration and Education: Conceptual Framework



This chapter is concerned with developing a theoretical framework to examine the ways class is processed in the context of migration. It starts with a brief examination of traditional measures of social class based on current occupation and income. It then argues how these orthodoxies fail to capture the transformation of various forms of capital through the process of migration. Bourdieu’s notions of habitus, capital and field are useful for examining migrant mothers’ involvement in children’s education, since they identify how class domination is connected to forms of cultural and social capital extending beyond—but always connected to—the economic realm. Cultural capital, in particular, theorises the labour undertaken by mothers and also allows for devaluing or conversion of capital in the process of migration. This chapter also argues that cultural reproduction is not merely based on class resources but it is through the intersectionality of class and other axes of divisions, reproduction of educational advantages and disadvantages occur.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Deakin UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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