Phase Relationship Between ULF Waves and Drift-Bounce Resonant Particles

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


The charged particles trapped in the Earth’s magnetosphere have three kinds of motions including gyration around the field line, bounce motion along the field line, and drift motion across the field line. Each kind of motion corresponds to one adiabatic invariant. When particles drift in the same speed as the poloidal-mode ULF waves in the azimuthal direction, they will experience constant accelerating/decelerating electric field, and continuously gain/lose energies.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Earth and Space SciencesPeking UniversityBeijingChina

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