Advertisement

Integrating the Qur’anic Worldview with the Natural Sciences: Answering the Call for Islamic Secondary Schools

  • Nor Jannah HassanEmail author
Conference paper

Abstract

The question of integration in the education of the ummah has been a top agenda among Islamic intellectuals and activists since the immediate postcolonial period, where secular humanism and atheistic modernism left Muslims with the legacy of a dichotomous education. Many contemporary Islamic educational institutions in the Muslim world have been established since then, each with their somewhat distinctive modes of integration. How much have the Muslims progressed towards true integration of the Qur’anic Worldview in the curricula of the natural sciences in secondary Islamic education, whose students are at critical stages of their cognitive, affective, spiritual, social, and ethical developments? This article presents a qualitative report on findings from field research that analysed a few samples of integration models at a number of Islamic secondary schools in Malaysia and Indonesia, in relation to the ideal that integration constitutes a full merger or an organic fusion between knowledge that is revealed and that which is acquired through reason.

In an effort to understand Western modern science, this article briefly assesses the worldviews that have brought about the natural sciences to its current stage. It proposes a model for Islamic secondary education where the natural sciences undergo a discreet but holistic reconstruction, reinterpretation, and redirection from the framework of, and organically infused with the Qur’anic Worldview, whilst enriching ‘Islamic studies’ with a good grounding in and appreciation of the natural sciences.

Keywords

Natural sciences Qur’ānic worldview Ūlū’l-albāb Tawḥīdic worldview Western modern science worldview 

References

  1. Akbarzadeh, S., & Saeed, A. (Eds.). (2001). Muslim communities in Australia. In A. Saeed. (2003). Islam in Australia. Sydney: Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
  2. Al-Faruqi, I. R. (1982). Al-Tawhid: Its implications for though and life. Herndon: IIIT.Google Scholar
  3. Al-Faruqi, I. R., & Al-Faruqi, L. L. (1986). The cultural atlas of Islam. New York/London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  4. Al-Ghazali. (2009). Wonders of the Heart (trans: Skellie, W. J.). Petaling Jaya: Islamic Book Trust.Google Scholar
  5. Al-Hilali, M. T., & Khan, M. (1427 H.). The noble Qur’an: English translation of the meanings and commentary. Madinah: King Fahd Complex for the Printing of The Holy Qur’an.Google Scholar
  6. ‘Ali, A. Yusuf. (1992). The Holy Qur’an: Translation and commentary. Brentwood: Amana Corp.Google Scholar
  7. Al-Jayyousi, O. R. (2012). Islam and sustainable development: New worldviews. Surrey: Gower Publishing Limited.Google Scholar
  8. Al-Khudrawy, D. (2010). Dictionary of Islamic terms. Damascus: Al Yamamah.Google Scholar
  9. Ansari, M. F. R. (2008). The Qur’anic foundations and structure of Muslim society (Vol. 1). Karachi: Elite Publishers Ltd.Google Scholar
  10. Asad, M. (1980). The message of The Qur’an. Gibraltar: Dar Al-Andalus.Google Scholar
  11. Ashraf, S. A., & Hussain, S. S. (1979). Crisis in Muslim education. Jeddah: Hodder & Stoughton, King Abdulaziz University.Google Scholar
  12. Azyumardi Azra. (2011). Reforms in Islamic education: A global perspective seen from the Indonesian case. International conference on reforms in Islamic education, University of Cambridge. www.cis.cam.ac.uk. Accessed 7 Apr 2012.
  13. Baru, R., Manaf, Z. A., Abdullah, A. H. & Syed Ab. Rahman, S. M. A. (2014). Showcasing an alternative educational system using the philosophy of Ulul Albab. Swiss Journal of Research in Business and Social Sciences, 1(1), 1–10.Google Scholar
  14. Basmeih, S. ‘A. (2007). Tafsir Pimpinan Ar-Rahman: Interpretation of the meaning of The Qur’an. (English Translation evaluated and consulted upon by ‘Uthman El-Muhammady). Putrajaya: JAKIM.Google Scholar
  15. Buang, S. (2008). Religious education as locus of curriculum: A brief inquiry into Madrasah curriculum in Singapore. In Lai Ah Eng (Ed.), Religious diversity in Singapore (pp. 301–322). Singapore: Institute of Policy Studies.Google Scholar
  16. Buang, S., & Ismail, M. (2007). The life and future of Muslim education. Asia Pacific Journal of Education Special Issue, 27(1), 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Collins, F. S. (2006). The language of God: A scientist presents evidence for belief. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  18. Dangor, S. (2005). Islamization of disciplines: Towards an indigenous educational system. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 37(4), 519–531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Encyclopaedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/471865/positivism. Accessed 8 Oct 2010.
  20. Hartono. (2010). Sinopsis Modernisasi Pendidikan Islam: Studi Kasus Sekolah Islam Al Azhar. Jakarta: Sekolah Pascasarjana, Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah.Google Scholar
  21. Hassan, M. K. (Anticipated late 2015). Natural science from the worldview of the Qur’an: An introduction (Vol. 1, 2 & 3). Kuala Lumpur: Institut Terjemahan dan Buku Malaysia (Malaysian Institute of Translation and Books).Google Scholar
  22. Hawking, S., & Mlodinow, L. (2010). The grand design: New answers to the ultimate questions of life. London: Bantam Press.Google Scholar
  23. Hengpiya, A. (2006). Teacher commitment: Its relationship with principal decision-making styles as perceived by teachers in Pattani’s selected Islamic private schools. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, IIUM.Google Scholar
  24. Ibn ‘Abbas, ‘A. (2007). Tanwīr al-Miqbās min Tafsīr Ibn ‘Abbās (trans: Guezzou, M.). Amman: Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought.Google Scholar
  25. Ibn Kathir. (2000). Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged under supervision of Al-Mubarakpuri, S. R.). Riyadh: Darussalam.Google Scholar
  26. Kuhn, T. S. (1996). The structure of scientific revolutions (3rd ed.). Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Küng, H. (2007). Islam: Past, present and future. Oxford: Oneworld.Google Scholar
  28. Kutler, H. (2009). Private schools: Lessons in faith. Teacher magazine. 10466193, 20010301, 12(6), ERIC, via EBSCOhost. http://www.ebscohost. Accessed 1 June 2009.
  29. Lane, W. E. (1968). Arabic-English lexicon. Beirut: Librairie Du Liban.Google Scholar
  30. Madina, M. Z. (1973). Arabic-English dictionary of the modern literary language. Shah Alam: Hizbi Sdn. Bhd.Google Scholar
  31. Mohammad, A. (2012, May 19). Program Ulul Albab. http://www.unitpimrsm.net/index.php/beritafokus/296-program-ulul-albab. Accessed 6 Oct 2015.
  32. Maududi, S. A. A. (2006). Towards understanding the Quran: Abridged version of Tafhīm al-Qur’ān (trans. and ed.: Zafar Ishaq Ansari). Markfield: The Islamic Foundation.Google Scholar
  33. Ministry of Education Malaysia. (1989). Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Menengah (KBSM): The integrated curriculum of secondary school. Kuala Lumpur: The Curriculum Development Center. See also http://moe.gov.my/v/falsafah-pendidikan-kebangsaan. Accessed 8 May 2015.
  34. Ministry of Education Malaysia. (2009). 50 Tahun Pendidikan Islam Di Malaysia. Putrajaya: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia, Bahagian Pendidikan Islam.Google Scholar
  35. ‘‘Secondary Education Division’’. http://www.mara.gov.my/en/bah.-pendidikan-menengah. Accessed 6 Oct. 2015.Google Scholar
  36. New World Encyclopedia. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Mechanism_(philosophy). Accessed 8 Oct 2014.
  37. Popper. K. R. (1994). The myth of the framework: In defence of science and rationality. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  38. Qutb, S. (1995). Muqawwimāt al-Taṣawwur al-Islāmī. Cairo: Dār al-Shurūq.Google Scholar
  39. Qutb, S. (n.d. a). In the shade of The Qur’an. Project Gutenberg. https://archive.org/details/InTheShadeOfTheQuranSayyidQutb. Accessed 10 Apr 2014.
  40. Qutb, S. (n.d. b). Islamic concept and its characteristics. http://www.islambasics.com/. Accessed 20 Jan 2014.
  41. Saridjo, M. (2011). Pendidikan Islam Dari Masa ke Masa. Ciseeng Bogor: Yayasan Ngali Aksara.Google Scholar
  42. Shadid, W. A., & Koningsveld, P. S. V. (2006). Islamic religious education in the Netherlands. European Education, 38(2), 76–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tarnas, R. (1991). The passion of the western mind: Understanding the ideas that have shaped our worldview. New York: Harmony Books.Google Scholar
  44. Thorton, S. (2013). Karl Popper. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/popper/. Accessed 1 July 2014.
  45. Vahide, Ş. (2011). Bediuzzaman Said Nursi: Author of the Risale-i-Nur. Petaling Jaya: Islamic Book Trust.Google Scholar
  46. Vidal, C. (2008). Wat is een wereldbeeld? (What is a worldview?). In H. Van Belle, & V. J. Veken (Eds.), Nieuwheid denken. De wetenschappen en bet creatieve aspet van de werkelijkheid. Leuven: Acco. “Secondary Education Division”. http://www.mara.gov.my/en/bah.-pendidikan-menengah. Accessed 6 Oct 2015.
  47. Vidal, C. (2014). A cosmic evolutionary worldview: Short answers to the big questions. In C. Vidal (Ed.), The beginning and the end: The meaning of life in a cosmological perspective. The frontiers collection (pp. 317–323). Cham: Springer International Publishing Switzerland.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wilson, C. (1999). Consilience: The unity of knowledge. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  49. World Centre for Islamic Education. (1983). Recommendations of the four world conferences on Islamic education. Makkah al-Mukarramah: World Centre for Islamic Education.Google Scholar
  50. Zine, J. (2007, March). Safe havens or religious ghettos? Narratives of Islamic schooling in Canada. Race Ethnicity and Education, 10(1), 71–92.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Institute for Islamic Civilisation and Thought (ISTAC)International Islamic University MalaysiaKuala LumpurMalaysia

Personalised recommendations