The Effect of Enhanced Sensorymotor Feedback on Balance Among Football Players

Conference paper


The ability to maintain balance was highly dependent on the complex set of sensorimotor control systems that include information from the eyes, vestibular system and soles of the feet. Due to that, an increase in information to the brain will result in a better postural adjustment of balance. It has been suggested that the implementation of textured insole can provide enhancement of the balance control system. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of textured insoles on balance among football players. Twenty footballers (M = 20.85, SD = 0.933) participated in this study. Participant’s static balance was measured through balance error scoring systems (BESS). Meanwhile, dynamic balance was determined through star excursion balance test (SEBT). A significant difference was noted (p < 0.05) as the result showed superior performance with used of textured insole compared to normal insole in both static and dynamic balance. This finding indicated that the textured insoles can significantly increase the balance ability by increasing the feedback of plantar cutaneous receptor located at the feet.


Static balance Dynamic balance Textured insole Sensorymotor feedback 



The authors are grateful to those participants who gave so generously of their time and helped to make this research possible.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Sports Science and RecreationUniversiti Teknologi MARAShah AlamMalaysia

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