Brain Computer Interface Used in Health Care Technologies

Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)

Abstract

A brain–computer interface (BCI), often called a mind-machine interface (MMI), is a direct communication pathway between the brain and an external device. BCIs are often directed at assisting, augmenting, repairing human cognitives or sensory-motor functions. BCI systems measure specific features of brain activity and translate them into control signals that drive an output. Most studies use electroencephalography (EEG) and magneto encephalography (MEG) to record all electrical and magnetic activities respectively, occurring with the ionic current that flows within the neurons of the brain. Each of the brain’s hemispheres is segmented into four lobes with different functions. These lobes are separated by fissures (sulcus). Signal generation initially occurs at the outer surface containing Grey Cortex (Grey Matter). The Primary Somatic Sensory Cortex (Parietal Lobe) and the primary Motor Cortex (Temporal Lobe) are the most important regions for BCI research.

Keywords

BCI Electroencephalography Magneto encephalography Lobes Grey cortex Somatic sensory cortex Motor neuroprosthetics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author wishes to thank all his friends supports without whose support and co-operation this paper wouldn’t have become a reality. The author would like to thank  Dr. J.C. Prasad, H.O.D, Computer Science & Technology, FISAT for his support and blessings.

References

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computer Science DepartmentFederal Institute of Science and TechnologyAngamalyIndia

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