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Quality Improvement of Poultry Feed by Chelated Micronutrients

  • Sunitha Panigrahi
  • Satish Vakati
  • V. Govinda Raju
  • T. Prashanth Goud
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)

Abstract

Despite of many trials conducted in the feed for the commercial broiler farm, it is always a challenge to meet the demand for the feed. Worldwide consumption of poultry has been increased rapidly since 1995–2005. Hence, production of poultry products increased globally, among them India (217 %), Brazil (112 %) and china (67 %) were the largest poultry producing countries [1]. Poultry products are inexpensive and have high quality of nutrients [2]. Micronutrients are given in the feed much absorbed by the bird which enhances the body metabolism and in turn gives the maximum production of proteins and vitamins. Our experimental effort is to incorporate the micronutrients in the feed by the process of chelation. Chelation is a process of incorporating an inorganic metal ion into a protein or an amino acid molecule with co-ordination covalent bonds to form organic micronutrients [3]. Effect of micronutrients like Cu, Zn, Mn has major role in poultry which increases body metabolism, enzyme system, various physiological functions, reproduction and growth. However, these micronutrients cannot be synthesized by the bird itself and should be supplemented through the diet. Our work included producing a chelated micronutrient with protein mix i.e., gelatine. Gelatine is a mixture of peptides and proteins, mixed with inorganic minerals to form a chelated micronutrient feed. After the chelate was done it was tested for the amount of the trace elements present in the chelate. Treatments in trail 1 consisted of 30 ppm of Zn as chelated Zn and 100 ppm of Zn as ZnSo4. In Trail 2 treatments consisted of 30, 8, and 32 ppm from Zn-Cu-Mn respectively and 100, 125, and 90 ppm of Zn, Cu and Mn respectively. Trail 1 and 2 were compared for a period of 52 days along with the control. Birds performance was significant improvement was seen in the bird in body mass and reduction of trace elements in the litter. Our results suggests that usage of chelated micronutrient feed gives maximum benefit to the bird, Implementation of this technique would gradually increase the body mass and protein value which would be demanding in the market.

Keywords

Broiler Chelation Inorganic minerals Micronutrients Gelatine 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sunitha Panigrahi
    • 1
  • Satish Vakati
    • 2
  • V. Govinda Raju
    • 3
  • T. Prashanth Goud
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologySt. Mary’s CollegeHyderabad-45India
  2. 2.Venvet Chemical Pvt, LtdHyderabadIndia
  3. 3.Department of BiotechnologySt. Mary’s CollegeHyderabadIndia

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