Disaster Governance in an Urbanising World Region
In the early twenty-first century, Asia’s accelerated urban transition is both a major source and target of increasingly frequent and costly environmental disasters. Asia is home to more than half of the global urban population, and its share is increasing. Currently, over 1.5 billion people live in Asia’s urban settlements. High rates of rural to urban migration coupled with industrialisation and the advent of automobile societies that are drivers of global climate change and related environmental degradation have amplified the exposure, intensity and human as well as material costs of environmental disasters. The dominant pattern of urban expansion along Asia’s coastlines and river deltas is also producing extended urban agglomerations that are at or below sea level, raising the vulnerabilities of their growing populations to floods, storm surges, typhoons and the unpredictable impacts of climate change on local ecologies. As Asia’s environmental disasters occur at multiple scales and impact upon urban populations in different ways with unintended and often long-term consequences, a multi-sector and multidisciplinary approach is needed to adequately address the multitude of theoretical and practical dimensions of disaster governance in urbanising Asia.
KeywordsGovernance Environmental disasters Urban Asia
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