The Role of Reverse Logistics in Recycling of Wood Products

Part of the Environmental Footprints and Eco-design of Products and Processes book series (EFEPP)


Consumer awareness, strengthened by legally imposed green constraints, has led to the need for the safe return of products from the field, as well as more environmentally friendly products. As a result, logistics planning must now consider both forward and return flows of products, parts, subassemblies, scrap, and packaging. Reverse logistics is the continuous logistic process through which shipped products move from the consumer back to the producer or recycling enterprises for possible reuse, recycling, remanufacturing, or disposal. The purpose of a reverse logistics process is to regain the value of returned materials or to provide the means for appropriate disposal. The transition from waste management to resource and recycling management, along with increasing price pressure and resource scarcity has required improved quality and efficiency from logistics systems. This applies to businesses from commercial and municipal waste management, as well as industry, trade, and service enterprises with in-house waste disposal tasks. The reverse supply chain includes a series of activities required to retrieve a used product from a customer and either dispose of it or reuse it. The design of efficient transport chains and the optimisation of complex logistics networks, similar to the optimisation of waste collection, waste transport, and waste handling, to give just a few examples, must be applied in the recycling management of all goods. In this chapter a case study of reverse logistics of waste wood and wood products is presented as the coordination and control; physical pickup and delivery of the material, parts, and products from the field to processing and recycling or disposal; and subsequent returns back to the field where appropriate. This includes descriptions of the services related to receiving the returns from the field, and the processes required to diagnose, evaluate, repair, and/or dispose of the returned units, products, parts, subassemblies, and material, either back to the direct/forward supply chain or into secondary markets or full disposal.


Cascade use LCA Logistics Recovered wood Reuse Upgrading 



The authors would like to acknowledge the WoodWisdom-Net + and the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport of Republic of Slovenia for financial support of the project CaReWood. Furthermore, Andreja Kutnar would like to acknowledge the Slovenian Research Agency for financial support within the frame of the project Z4-5520. The authors would also like to acknowledge Aleksandar Todorović’s help in detailing of the reverse logistic model.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Primorska Andrej Marušič InstituteKoperSlovenia
  2. 2.Faculty of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Information TechnologiesUniversity of PrimorskaKoperSlovenia
  3. 3.Faculty of Computer and Information ScienceUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia

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