E-Governance for Solar Photo Voltaic Powergrid: Solar City Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India

Chapter
Part of the Advances in 21st Century Human Settlements book series (ACHS)

Abstract

Energy generation, distribution and consumption include different personnel at various hierarchical levels such as Production, Transmission and Distribution, Billing, Corporate, including the End User or Consumer. Enabling simple, user-friendly, reliable, efficient, timely and seamless connectivity to critical information to all such personnel remains the most desirable feature and benchmark for Smart City. Reliable availability of critical data on timely basis in desired formats for different decision-making authorities plays key role for successful e-Governance of energy distribution systems. Emerging approaches based on hybrid communication technologies possess capability to transform the present ones into smart, intelligent and adaptive sites and could become basis of exploring more options including anytimeanywhere monitoring in future. Welcome to be the part of transition of epoch and total paradigm shift in the domain of electricity utility services! E-Governance system for Smart City could be well defined as System of Systems, wherein E-Governance of Energy Generation and Distribution functions as vital source of power. Solar photovoltaic (SPV) is the proven method of electricity generation with significant sustainable future potential. Grid-tied PV rooftop system is gaining worldwide acceptance as one of the most widely accepted models for wide-scale deployment due to their simplicity, ease of installation, operation, maintenance, scalability, etc. E-Governance of powergrid implies the responsible and accountable delivery of electrical power assisted or supported by communication devices providing efficient and effective communication between Government to Government (G2G), Business to Employee (B2E), Business to Government (B2G), Business to Citizen (B2C) and finally, Government to Citizen (G2C). Globally, today many cities are adapting e-Governance for enhancement of utility services and improved citizen convenience. Gandhinagar has emerged as the city in India taking leadership in application of advanced hybrid communication technologies and thereby transforming itself into Smart City. Earlier Gandhinagar has been facing frequent power shortages as well as demand–supply fluctuations causing not only inconvenience, but also resulting in large work losses and production losses as well as chaotic situations. With the untiring efforts of visionary and inspirational leadership of Gujarat-India on political-diplomatic-administrative fronts and initiatives such as Gandhinagar Rooftop Photovoltaic Programme, Solar City—Smart Grid Project, etc., have been implemented with efficient, effective and citizen-friendly objectives, wherein Solar Policy of Gujarat state has been of immense support. For sustainable growth and enhanced lifestyle of citizens, reliable and affordable power is a mandatory requirement and Gandhinagar city administration has been doing its best to approach every citizen through hybrid communication network, especially for power distribution and thereby resulting in strong trustworthy relationship of citizens with the government. Today, Gandhinagar is considered to be one of the most advanced and world-class self-reliant city having most resilient power infrastructure in India. Well-planned, systematically designed, and customer-oriented power distribution network encouraging participation of citizens has played key role in making Gandhinagar more liveable and a place to stay today. Complete Gandhinagar has been geographically distributed into separate zones, interested citizens are invited to express their willingness to participate in the programmes and after completion of formalities including registration, document verification, etc., scope and size of SPV installations are fixed up. Commercial aspects such as subsidy, revenue sharing and billing details are worked out on actual basis. Using seamless data connectivity using GUIs based on GPS, GIS and Virtual Instrumentation, real-time data of generation and consumption have been availed to the end user for determination and implementation of his real-time choice to run important equipments, if any. This chapter also includes descriptions on hybrid communication technologies deployed to timely serve need-based information. Remote Energy Parameter Monitoring System using Hybrid Communication Technologies for Solar Photovoltaic Energy Generation System for Gandhinagar Solar City has also been presented. The chapter ends with discussion over transformation of Solar City into Smart City.

Keywords

E-Governance Smart city Solar city Energy generation and distribution Rooftop photovoltaic system Solar power Hybrid communication networking Virtual instrumentation Remote monitoring 

Abbreviations

AC

Alternating current

ADB

Asian Development Bank

AEC

Ahmedabad Electricity Company

AMR

Automated Meter Reading

APERC

Andhra Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission

AUDA

Ahmedabad urban development authority

BAS

Building automation system

BG

Biomass Gasifier

BP

Biomass Power

BU

Building utilization

C-WET

Centre for wind energy technology

CERC

Central Electric Regulatory Commission

CSR

Corporate social responsibility

DC

Direct current

DDU

Dharmsinh Desai University

DISCOM or DisCom

Distribution company

DG

Diesel generator

DPR

Detailed project report

DR

Demand Response

GBI

Generation-based incentive

GEDA

Gujarat energy development authority

GERC

Gujarat energy regulatory commission

GERMI

Gujarat Energy Research and Management Institute, Gandhinagar

GIS

Geographic information system

GHG

Green house gas

GoI

Government of India

GoG

Government of Gujarat

GPCL

Gujarat Power Corporation Limited

GPRS

General packet radio service

GPS

Global positioning system

GSM

Global system for mobile communication

GUDA

Gandhinagar Urban Development Authority

GUI

Graphical user interface

HMI

Human machine interface

HVAC

Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning

IEMU

Intelligent energy measurement unit

IFC

International Finance Corporation

JNNSM

Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission

LabVIEW

Laboratory Virtual Instrumentation Engineering Workbench

MGVCL

Madhya Gujarat Vij Company Limited

MNRE

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

PDPU

Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar

PLC or PLCC

Power line communication or power line carrier communication

PPA

Power Purchase Agreement

PPP

Public–private partnership

PV

Photovoltaic

RES

Renewable Energy Sources

RPSSGP

Rooftop PV and small solar generation programme

RTP

Real-time pricing

RTU

Remote terminal unit

SECI

Solar Energy Corporation of India

SG

Smart grid

SHP

Small Hydro Project

SPV

Solar photovoltaic

SRRA

Solar radiation resource assessment

SSGP

Small Solar Generation Programme

U & I

Urban and Industrial

UGVCL

Uttar Gujarat Vij Company Limited

WLAN

Wireless local area network

WSN

Wireless Sensor Network

References

  1. 1.
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
    Aghera AR (2010–2011) Wireless monitoring of energy generation, transmission and distribution parameters for solar city. M.Tech thesis, Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
    Markvart T (ed) (2000) Solar power generation using photovoltaic cell. In: Solar electricity (chapter 4), vol 6. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
    Bhatt JG (2013–2014) Literature survey report for doctoral research, PhD thesis, Deptartment of Electrical Engineering, School of Technology, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar, India Google Scholar
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
    Bhatt JG, Verma HK (2010) RS-485/MODBUS based intelligent building automation system using LabVIEW. In: 4th international conference on computer applications in electrical engineering-recent advances (CERA-09), IIT Roorkee, Roorkee, India, (Section-A1: instrumentation, Paper no. 04 (abstract)], 19–21 Feb 2010, p 02Google Scholar
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24.
  25. 25.
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
  30. 30.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Faculty of TechnologyDharmsinh Desai UniversityNadiadIndia
  2. 2.Solar Energy DivisionGujarat Energy Research and Management InstituteGandhinagarIndia

Personalised recommendations