Advertisement

Managing the Crisis and Policy Directions

  • AKM Ahsan Ullah
  • Ahmed Shafiqul Huque
Chapter
  • 375 Downloads

Abstract

The findings of the research have crucial policy implications globally as well as regionally. The implication for Canada in particular will be for Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC); Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB); Canada Border Service Agency (CBSA), and international Refugee regime, international Protection regime and International Human rights regime in general. This chapter analyzes the performance of countries that are party to international conventions in complying with them. This chapter will discuss the role of the existing policies in protecting the rights of the refugees and immigrants with HIV/AIDS. The objective is to formulate a set of policy recommendations based on the findings for policy makers, researchers, medical professional, and service providers.

Keywords

Hate Crime Kaiser Family Foundation Canadian Charter Internal Stigma Refugee Protection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Altaf, S. A., & Lovelace, R. E. (2011). Labour, HIV & the workplace: Working to get the job done.Google Scholar
  2. Bajek, R., & Okada, N. (2007). Examining definitions of resilience and adjusting a resilience model to the Japanese cultural context: A preliminary study. Annuals of Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, No. 50B.Google Scholar
  3. Barnett, T., & Whiteside, A. (2002). AIDS in the twenty-first century – Disease and globalization. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Beck, H. J., Reitz, J. G., & Nan, W. (2002, March). Addressing systemic racial discrimination in employment: The health Canada case and implications of legislative change. This paper was presented at the Canadian Human Rights Commission case against Health Canada.Google Scholar
  5. Bond, V. (1998). Household capacity and “coping up” in rural Zambia: Dealing with AIDS, other illness and adversity in Chiawa. Doctorate thesis, University of Hull.Google Scholar
  6. Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. (2012, May). Questions and answers, Canada’s immigration policy as it affects people living with HIV.Google Scholar
  7. Castro, A., & Farmer, P. (2005). Understanding and addressing AIDS-related stigma: From anthropological theory to clinical practice in Haiti. American Journal of Public Health, 95(1), 53–59.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. CATIE (Canadian AIDS Treatment Information Exchange). (2010). HIV in Canada, trends and issues that affect HIV prevention, CARE, treatment and support. Toronto: CATIE.Google Scholar
  9. CPHA. (2005). Leading together: Canada takes action on HIV/AIDS (2005–2010). Ottawa: Canadian Public Health Association.Google Scholar
  10. de Bruyn, T. (1998). HIV/AIDS and discrimination: A discussion paper. Montréal: Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network and Canadian AIDS Society.Google Scholar
  11. de Waal, A., & Whiteside, A. (2003). New variant famine: AIDS and food crisis in southern Africa. Lancet, 362(9391), 1234–1237.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. deGroot-Maggetti, G. (2002, March). A measure of poverty in Canada: A guide to the debate about poverty lines. Ottawa: Citizens for Public Justice.Google Scholar
  13. Gerntholtz, L. (2004). An overview of some of the key legal developments in HIV/AIDS and the law – 2003. Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine, 5(1), 40–43.Google Scholar
  14. Goffman, E. (1963). Stigma: Notes on management of spoiled identity. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  15. Goffman, E. (1968). Stigma: Notes on the management of spoiled identity. Harmondsworth: Penguin.Google Scholar
  16. Howarth, C. (2006). Race as stigma: Positioning the stigmatized as agents, not objects. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 16(6), 442–451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). (2002). Addressing HIV-related stigma and resulting discrimination in Africa: a three country study in Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Zambia. Washington, DC: ICRW.Google Scholar
  18. International HIV/AIDS Alliance. (2013). Report.Google Scholar
  19. Kutikuppala, S. R. (2012). Changing face of AIDS: Hope to infected millions. The Health, 3(4), 86–87.Google Scholar
  20. Link, B. G., & Phelan, J. C. (2001). Conceptualizing stigma. Annual Review of Sociology, 27(1), 363–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. MacIntosh, J. M. (2007). HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination: A Canadian perspective and call to action. Inter-American Journal of Psychology, 41(1), 93–102.Google Scholar
  22. Magnusson, R. (1996). Australian HIV/AIDS legislation: A review for doctors. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 26(3), 396–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mahajan, A. P., Sayles, J. N., Patel, V. A., Remien, R. H., Sawires, S. R., Ortiz, D. J., Szekeres, G., & Coates, T. J. (2008, August). Stigma in the HIV/AIDS epidemic: A review of the literature and recommendations for the way forward. AIDS, 22(Suppl 2), S67–S79.Google Scholar
  24. Malgas, H. A. (2005). Stress, coping and the role of social support in living with HIV/AIDS: A literature review. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Stellenbosch.Google Scholar
  25. Nirman, D. (2004). Immigration and HIV/AIDS – Issues of medical testing, exclusion and discrimination. Ontario Bar Journal (OBA) Citizenship and Immigration Section, 7(3), 1–8.Google Scholar
  26. Ontario Human Rights Commission. (2000). Human rights policy in Ontario. Ontario: CCH Canadian Limited.Google Scholar
  27. Parker, R., & Aggleton, P. (2003). HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: A conceptual framework and implications for action. Social Science and Medicine, 57(1), 13–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Penner, A. (2012). An excessive demand: Immigrants with disabilities and medical admissibility in Canada’s immigration system. Theses and dissertations. Paper 803.Google Scholar
  29. Poku, N. K. (2007). HIV/AIDS and Governance in Africa. Population, health, environment, and conflict (ECSP Report 12). Wilson Center.Google Scholar
  30. Soyombo, O. (2008). Xenophobia in contemporary society: A sociological analysis. IFE Psychologia – Special Issue: Xenophobia, 16(2), 85–104.Google Scholar
  31. The Kaiser Family Foundation. (2011, November). The global HIV/AIDS epidemic, U.S. Global Health Policy Fact Sheet. www.kff.org, Menlo Park
  32. The Nizkor Project. (2013). Hate-motivated violence: The Rodney King case possible implications for Canada. http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/orgs/canadian/canada/justice/hate-motivated-violence/hmv-006–01.html. Accessed 10 Apr 2013.
  33. Ullah, A. K. M. A. (2010b). Population migration in Asia: Theories and practice. New York: Nova Science Publishers.Google Scholar
  34. Ullah, A. K. M. A. (2010c). Rohingya refugee to Bangladesh: Historical exclusions and contemporary marginalization. Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, 9(2).Google Scholar
  35. UNAIDS. (2011a). Global AIDS response progress reporting 2012: Guidelines, construction of core indicators for monitoring the 2011 political declaration on HIV/AIDS. Geneva: UNAIDS.Google Scholar
  36. UNAIDS. (2012a). Report on the global AIDS epidemic. Geneva: UN Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS.Google Scholar
  37. UNCTAD. (2013, April 16–17). Prospects for building resilience to external shocks and mitigating their impact on trade and Development. Multi-year expert meeting on enhancing the enabling economic environment at all levels in support of inclusive and sustainable development first session, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  38. United Nations. (2002, June). Introducing governance into HIV/AIDS programmes: People’s Republic of China, Lao PDR and Vietnam. Bangkok: South East Asia HIV and Development ProgrammeGoogle Scholar
  39. USAID. (2006). A closer look: The internalization of stigma related to HIV. Washington, DC: USAID.Google Scholar
  40. Walker, J. (2010). Section 13 of the Canadian Human Rights Act, Anti-Hate Laws and freedom of expression. Canada: Law and Legislative Affairs. Parliamentary Information and Resources Services.Google Scholar
  41. Wallman, S. (1988). Sex and death: The AIDS crisis in social and cultural context. Journal of AIDS, 1(6), 571–578.Google Scholar
  42. WHO. (2013). WHO welcomes news that a child born with HIV now appears “functionally cured” through early antiretroviral treatment. Report. Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • AKM Ahsan Ullah
    • 1
  • Ahmed Shafiqul Huque
    • 2
  1. 1.Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD)Bandar Seri BegawanBrunei Darussalam
  2. 2.Department of Political ScienceMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

Personalised recommendations