Mounting evidence links psychiatric disorders to central and systemic inflammation. Experimental (animal) models of psychiatric disorders are important tools for translational biopsychiatry research and CNS drug discovery. Current experimental models, most typically involving rodents, continue to reveal shared fundamental pathological pathways and biomarkers underlying the pathogenetic link between brain illnesses and neuroinflammation. Recent data also show that various proinflammatory factors can alter brain neurochemistry, modulating the levels of neurohormones and neurotrophins in neurons and microglia. The role of “active” glia in releasing a wide range of proinflammatory cytokines also implicates glial cells in various psychiatric disorders. Here, we discuss recent animal inflammation-related models of psychiatric disorders, focusing on their translational perspectives and the use of some novel promising model organisms (zebrafish), to better understand the evolutionally conservative role of inflammation in neuropsychiatric conditions.
- Animal models
- Model organisms
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Demin, K.A. et al. (2023). Animal Inflammation-Based Models of Neuropsychiatric Disorders. In: Kim, YK. (eds) Neuroinflammation, Gut-Brain Axis and Immunity in Neuropsychiatric Disorders. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol 1411. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-7376-5_5
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