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Local Anesthetic Techniques in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

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Local anesthesia refers to the injection or application of local anesthetics to temporarily block the conduction of the corresponding nerve impulses so that the area innervated by these nerves produces a painless effect. It is a kind of anesthesia technique frequently used in oral and maxillofacial surgery due to its great range of advantages, including simple operation, precise analgesic effect, patients’ cooperation while keeping consciousness, and few perioperative complications. Particularly, dental treatment such as caries filling, root canal treatment, tooth extraction, local excision of small oral masses, tumor biopsy, abscess excision, and so on can be effectively managed under local anesthesia. Furthermore, it is also the most significant pain management skill in oral and maxillofacial surgery [1].

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Chen, X., Cao, J. (2023). Local Anesthetic Techniques in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. In: Jiang, H., Xia, M. (eds) Anesthesia for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Springer, Singapore.

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