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Anesthesia for Oral and Maxillofacial Head and Neck Infections

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Abstract

Odontogenic infection is the main cause of oral and maxillofacial infection. The existence of sinuses, cavities, and other structures in the oral and maxillofacial region forms a vulnerable environment, which has special tissues such as teeth, with a superficial location, and rich sweat glands, hair follicles, and sebaceous glands in the facial area, with abundant blood circulation, and a large number of microorganisms in the oral cavity. When the body’s resistance to diseases is lessened or the body has suffered stress, injury or surgical trauma, the micro-ecological balance in the body is dislocated, further leading to the occurrence of oral and maxillofacial infections. Oral and maxillofacial infections are mainly mixed infections caused by aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. There is a network of many potential spaces in the maxillofacial bones, which are filled with loose connective tissues. Therefore, once infection occurs, the tissues are likely to spread to each other and cause diffuse infection. Oral and maxillofacial infections can spread downward through the deep cervical fascia to the anterior tracheal space, the vascular fascial space, or even lead to cervical or mediastinal abscesses of greater severity.

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Chen, J. (2023). Anesthesia for Oral and Maxillofacial Head and Neck Infections. In: Jiang, H., Xia, M. (eds) Anesthesia for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-7287-4_12

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-7287-4_12

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Singapore

  • Print ISBN: 978-981-19-7286-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-981-19-7287-4

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