Skip to main content

Anesthesia for Oral and Maxillofacial Head and Neck Infections

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Anesthesia for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • 526 Accesses


Odontogenic infection is the main cause of oral and maxillofacial infection. The existence of sinuses, cavities, and other structures in the oral and maxillofacial region forms a vulnerable environment, which has special tissues such as teeth, with a superficial location, and rich sweat glands, hair follicles, and sebaceous glands in the facial area, with abundant blood circulation, and a large number of microorganisms in the oral cavity. When the body’s resistance to diseases is lessened or the body has suffered stress, injury or surgical trauma, the micro-ecological balance in the body is dislocated, further leading to the occurrence of oral and maxillofacial infections. Oral and maxillofacial infections are mainly mixed infections caused by aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. There is a network of many potential spaces in the maxillofacial bones, which are filled with loose connective tissues. Therefore, once infection occurs, the tissues are likely to spread to each other and cause diffuse infection. Oral and maxillofacial infections can spread downward through the deep cervical fascia to the anterior tracheal space, the vascular fascial space, or even lead to cervical or mediastinal abscesses of greater severity.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 99.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 129.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 179.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Zhiyuan Z, Bing S, Chenping Z. Oral and maxillofacial surgery. Shelton, CT: People’s Medical Publishing House; 2020.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Miao W. Oral anesthesiology diagnosis and operation routine. Shelton, CT: People’s Medical Publishing House; 2018.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Boyd Barry C, Sutter Steven J. Dexmedetomidine sedation for awake fiberoptic intubation of patients with difficult airways due to severe odontogenic cervicofacial infections. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011;69:1608–12.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Wates E, Higginson J, Kichenaradjou A, McVeigh K. A severe deep neck odontogenic infection not prioritised by the emergency department triage system and National Early Warning Score. BMJ Case Rep. 2018;2018:bcr-2018-224634.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Doyle DJ, Hantzakos AG. Anesthetic Management of the Narrowed Airway. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2019;52(6):1127–39.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2023 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Chen, J. (2023). Anesthesia for Oral and Maxillofacial Head and Neck Infections. In: Jiang, H., Xia, M. (eds) Anesthesia for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Springer, Singapore.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Singapore

  • Print ISBN: 978-981-19-7286-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-981-19-7287-4

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics