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Development of the Old-Age Security System for Building a Well-Off Society

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Social and Economic Transitions in China and India
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Abstract

When Deng Xiaoping met with Japanese Prime Minister Masayoshi Ohira in 1979, he first put forward the concept of “Xiao Kang (a well-off society)” according to China’s actual development. In 1982, the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward that “a well-off society” should be the whole Party’s strategic goal and the whole people by the end of the twentieth century, and the term “well-off society” was officially established.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Writing group of Transcript of Deng Xiaoping’s Speeches: Transcript of Deng Xiaoping’s Speeches (Three Volumes), Red Flag Press, 2018 edition, Page 9.

  2. 2.

    Office of National People’s Congress Financial and Economic Committee: Compilation of Important Documents of the Five-Year Plans for National Economic and Social Development since the Founding of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing: China Democracy and Legal Publishing House, 2008 edition, Page 429.

  3. 3.

    Office of National People’s Congress Financial and Economic Committee: Compilation of Important Documents of the Five-Year Plans for National Economic and Social Development since the Founding of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing: China Democracy and Legal Publishing House, 2008 edition, Page 313.

  4. 4.

    Office of National People’s Congress Financial and Economic Committee: Compilation of Important Documents of the Five-Year Plans for National Economic and Social Development since the Founding of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing: China Democracy and Legal Publishing House, 2008 edition, Page 213.

  5. 5.

    Office of National People’s Congress Financial and Economic Committee: Compilation of Important Documents of the Five-Year Plans for National Economic and Social Development since the Founding of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing: China Democracy and Legal Publishing House, 2008 edition, Page 225.

  6. 6.

    Office of National People’s Congress Financial and Economic Committee: Compilation of Important Documents of the Five-Year Plans for National Economic and Social Development since the Founding of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing: China Democracy and Legal Publishing House, 2008 edition, Page 169.

  7. 7.

    LSBF [1997] No. 37: Notice on Issues Related to the Establishment of Provincial Overall Planning System of Basic Old-Age Insurance, the website of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of the People’s Republic of China, http://www.mohrss.gov.cn/gkml/zcfg/gfxwj/201407/t20140717_136211.html, December 30, 1992.

  8. 8.

    Office of National People’s Congress Financial and Economic Committee: Compilation of Important Documents of the Five-Year Plans for National Economic and Social Development since the Founding of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing: China Democracy and Legal Publishing House, 2008 edition, Page 79.

  9. 9.

    Office of National People’s Congress Financial and Economic Committee: Compilation of Important Documents of the Five-Year Plans for National Economic and Social Development since the Founding of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing: China Democracy and Legal Publishing House, 2008 edition, Page 88.

  10. 10.

    Office of National People’s Congress Financial and Economic Committee: Compilation of Important Documents of the Five-Year Plans for National Economic and Social Development since the Founding of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing: China Democracy and Legal Publishing House, 2008 edition, Page 62.

  11. 11.

    QGLLWF [2006] No. 7: The 11th Five-Year Plan for the Development of China’s Aging Cause (2006–2010), http://www.china.com.cn/policy/txt/2006-12/12/content_7493038.htm, December 12, 2006.

  12. 12.

    GF [2011] No. 28: Notice of the State Council on Issuing the 12th Five-Year Plan for China’s Aging Cause, the website of the central people’s government of the People’s Republic of China, http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/zhengceku/2011-09/23.htm , September 23, 2011.

  13. 13.

    The 17th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China: Suggestions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Formulating the 12th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development, People’s Daily, October 28, 2010, Page 001.

  14. 14.

    The 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China: Suggestions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Formulating the 13th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development, People’s Daily, November 4, 2015, Page 001.

  15. 15.

    GBF [2017] No. 59: Some Opinions of the General Office of the State Council on Accelerating the Development of the Commercial Old-age Insurance, the website of the central people’s government of the People’s Republic of China, http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/content/2017-07/04/content_5207926.htm, July 4, 2017.

  16. 16.

    Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security: Statistical Bulletin on the Development of Human Resources and Social Security in 2019, the website of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of the People’s Republic of China, http://www.mohrss.gov.cn/syrlzhshbzb/zwgk/szrs/tjgb/202006/t20200608_375774.html, June 18, 2020.

  17. 17.

    GBF [2019] No. 5: Opinions of the General Office of the State Council on Promoting the Development of the Elderly Care Services, the website of the central people’s government of the People’s Republic of China, http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/content/2019-04/16/content_5383270.htm, April 16, 2019.

  18. 18.

    MF [2019] No. 88: Opinions on Further Expanding the Supply of Old-Age Care Services to Promote the Consumption in Old-Age Care Services, the website of the Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, http://www.mca.gov.cn/article/GK/wj/201909/2019090019848.shtml, September 23, 2019.

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Ying, W. (2022). Development of the Old-Age Security System for Building a Well-Off Society. In: Nakray, K., Yi, Z., Clammer, J., Zhang, W. (eds) Social and Economic Transitions in China and India. Palgrave Macmillan, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-6124-3_12

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-6124-3_12

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