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Climate Change and Coral Reef Ecosystem: Impacts and Management Strategies

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Outlook of Climate Change and Fish Nutrition

Abstract

Coral reefs are one of the most diversified ecosystems globally, providing food and shelter to a wide variety of organisms. It serves as a mutual relationship for various marine fauna. It also offers multiple ecological services and goods and is an integral part of income generation through tourism and recreational activities. Despite their significant value, coral reefs are cladding substantial challenges from the global climate change phenomenon led by various anthropogenic activities. Global warming is a subset of the broader phrase climate change. It specifies the observed rise in the average air temperature near the earth’s surface and seas due to the rapid increase in greenhouse gases caused by numerous anthropogenic activities. Coral bleaching, destruction in the reef structure, ocean acidification, increased coral diseases, etc., are various consequences faced by the coral reefs due to climate change. Overall, climate change can drastically alter the ecosystem’s biodiversity spectrum, function, and productivity. Cooperative solid action is required to lessen the climate change effects on the global scale and its repercussion on corals.

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Suyani, N.K., Singh, M.K., Brahmchari, R.K. (2022). Climate Change and Coral Reef Ecosystem: Impacts and Management Strategies. In: Sinha, A., Kumar, S., Kumari, K. (eds) Outlook of Climate Change and Fish Nutrition. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-5500-6_6

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