The jurisprudence on duty varies from a set of countries to another, influenced by their socio-political and cultural setup. However, a common thread flows with more pervasive waves of globalisation, liberalisation and growing consumerism, where it dilutes the relativism traits. Nevertheless, a right-centric approach is prevalent worldwide. Rights are placed against rights, and the issues arising from the conflict of rights are tried to be resolved through a right-based regime, which has been more chaotic and has significant causality to duties. Duties have been recognised as correlative to rights in both Western and Eastern jurisprudence. Yet, the aggressive assertion and constant focus on rights devalue the importance of duties even in countries such as India, which have been traditionally a duty-based (dharm-based) society. Duties of the State and citizens demand distinct approaches as an extra push for duties by the State without realising its duty towards its citizens may absolve its obligation as a State. Likewise, the duties of citizens demand a more responsible role from them to commit themselves to the unity, integrity and security of the nation. Gandhian thought on duty has a worldwide appeal, and it offers well-tested and pragmatic solutions to some of the most pressing problems of the present time. Many problems of the present times are due to the ill selection of means rather than ends, and in this context, Gandhian thought becomes so essential. Against this backdrop, the present chapter explores the relevance of duties and Gandhian thought on the same in the contemporary world.
- Gandhian thought
- East–West jurisprudence
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Singh, K.K., Jain, S.K. (2022). Relevance of Duty Through the Lens of Gandhi and East–West Jurisprudence. In: Mittal, R., Singh, K.K. (eds) Relevance of Duties in the Contemporary World. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-1836-0_1
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