Skip to main content

Dissent and Protest Movements in India: Revisiting Gandhi’s Ideas of Peaceful Protest

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Gandhi in the Twenty First Century

Abstract

For the last few years, dissents and protests are being seen almost everywhere in the world. Some of them were violent and occupation movements against consumerism, traditional institutions, and capitalism, with little success; while some were peaceful protests against racism, corruption, and the state’s policies. Peaceful protests are often characterized as Gandhian movement; but many of such peaceful movement turns violent or disrupted from the notion of Gandhian dissent, for instance, Black Lives Matter movement—a protest against racism—in the US. Many peaceful protests are being organized in the name Gandhian way of dissent across the world without understanding Gandhi's eternal spirit of Satyagraha, and this has led to the flood of critiques against limits of success about it. Scholars of subaltern studies criticize Gandhian Satyagraha as surrender and subordination of poor and oppressed that can never pose real challenges to India's elites. But this is not reality. Gandhi's Satyagraha is based on the purity of soul and theory of persuasion. There is a kind of social construction, not enmity in Gandhian dissents. This research paper attempts to redefine the Gandhian notion of dissent and protest in the twenty-first century. It also analyses some contemporary so-called peaceful movements in India that have been labelled as Gandhian movements—whether they were or not?

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

eBook
USD 16.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 129.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 129.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

References

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2022 National Institute of Advanced Studies

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Tripathi, A.K. (2022). Dissent and Protest Movements in India: Revisiting Gandhi’s Ideas of Peaceful Protest. In: Behera, A., Nayak, S. (eds) Gandhi in the Twenty First Century. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-8476-0_14

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics