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Hydrology II: Hydrology, Society of Regions Surrounding Mount Kenya

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Part of the International Perspectives in Geography book series (IPG,volume 17)

Abstract

This study evaluated whether the local communities residing in the leeward side of Mount Kenya in East Africa are aware of the on-going glacier changes, and its implications on domestic water supply and livelihoods. The spatial analysis of the glacial changes in Mount Kenya was conducted using medium resolution (30 m × 30 m) Landsat imageries and ArcGIS and ENVI software. The local perception survey on glacial changes, river flow, and livelihood impacts was undertaken through face-to-face interviews with 90 riparian residents along the Naromoru and Likii rivers, which included farmers, pastoralists, and urban residents. The findings demonstrated that Mount Kenya has continuously experienced progressive glacial retreat in the last four decades (1976–2016). The level of public perception on the glacial retreat was similar to the actual trend documented through scientific research. Based on this study, we recommend that both the national and county governments should integrate glacial retreat and its hydrological implications in policy and relevant development and natural resources management plans.

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Glacial recession
  • Water resources
  • Local perceptions

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-981-16-7853-0_4
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Correspondence to Francis Mwaura .

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Mwaura, F., Njoki, M.N. (2022). Hydrology II: Hydrology, Society of Regions Surrounding Mount Kenya. In: Mizuno, K., Otani, Y. (eds) Glaciers, Nature, Water, and Local Community in Mount Kenya. International Perspectives in Geography, vol 17. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-7853-0_4

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