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MIVES: A Multi-Attribute Value Function-Based Methodology for Sustainability Assessment

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Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC,volume 407)


Sustainability assessment remains an important aspect of any process or product design and is dependent on the triple bottom approach of economic, environment and social criteria. However, the subjectivity associated with it makes the results of the assessment difficult to comprehend. MIVES—a multi-attribute value function-based methodology—provides the necessary framework for sustainability assessments. The methodology compares the alternative with respect to other available alternatives or arbitrary standards. The value function for each indicator is evaluated (between 0 and 1) based on the maximum (value 1) and minimum (Value 0) desired value of the indicators. The overall value function is then calculated based on the weightage of each indicator and criteria. Thus the overall value function or “Sustainability index” takes into account the different aspects of the alternatives considered for evaluation. The sustainability index nearing 1 represents greater sustainability and vice versa. The framework assigns a number to each alternative based on the indicator values, weightage of indicators and most and least desired conditions. With this perspective, the chapter discusses different case studies such as construction, aviation, education and process industries where this methodology is applied to come up with a logical and more comprehensive sustainability evaluation framework.


  • Sustainability assessment
  • Multi-criteria decision-making
  • Sustainability index
  • Framework

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Fig. 5



Analytical Hierarchy Process


Biomass Processing Enterprise


Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method


European Environmental Agency


Life cycle assessment


Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment


Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design


Modelo Integrado de Valor para una Evaluación Sostenible


Sustainability Development Goals


Indicator value generating minimum satisfaction value


Indicator value associated to maximum satisfaction


Value of indicator for which value function is to be calculated


Value function


Shape factor that is decided on the shape of the curve


Axis value of the point where the curve changes its direction


Response value to the Ci


A constant, usually considered to be 0


A constant, limits the function to a range of 0 to 1


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The authors are thankful to the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India for research funding (No. DST/SSTP/2018/76(G)).

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Correspondence to Sachin A. Mandavgane .

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Biswal, D., Joglekar, S.N., Mandavgane, S.A. (2022). MIVES: A Multi-Attribute Value Function-Based Methodology for Sustainability Assessment. In: Kulkarni, A.J. (eds) Multiple Criteria Decision Making. Studies in Systems, Decision and Control, vol 407. Springer, Singapore.

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