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Disaster Resilience and Rehabilitation in Kerala: A Critical Review of CARe-Kerala’s Housing Scheme

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE,volume 205)


Global warming and climatic changes have an enormous impact all over the world. Kerala has witnessed disasters such as tsunamis, flash floods, landslides, rising temperatures, multi-intensity rainfalls, and heavy downpours in the past few decades. Recurring floods in the past three consecutive years added to the catastrophes amidst the rapid urbanization experienced across the state. This crisis necessitated the government to respond with immediate mass housing solutions for the affected population. However, general methods were not possible in Kerala, across different flood-prone regions with diverse challenges. The traditional approaches cause delays and involve financial losses in the process, also causing challenges in directing funds on behalf of the beneficiaries. Consequently, the Kerala government initiated a novel approach, the CARe-Kerala, CARe-Home housing scheme, which completed 2000 houses by July 2020 (Praveen in The Hindu, Thiruvananthapuram, 2020 [1]), across Kerala’s flood-prone regions and is continuing at present. CARe-Kerala housing projects, handled by Author2 and his team, experimented with alternative solutions that can be successfully implemented in specific geographic areas. This paper critically reviews these CARe-Kerala housing projects, which provided disaster-resilient rehabilitation housing solutions during the 2018 Kerala floods. After evaluating the review variables of the assessment criteria relevant to the projects based on its crucial factors and outcomes, the critical review utilizes these factors and the potential success criteria variables to understand various key aspects of the CARe-Kerala housing projects. In essence, this research is an elucidative assessment with a critical examination of the prominent features of CARe-Kerala housing projects.


  • Disaster resilience
  • Alternative solutions
  • Amphibian houses

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Vinod, A., Kini, M.K. (2022). Disaster Resilience and Rehabilitation in Kerala: A Critical Review of CARe-Kerala’s Housing Scheme. In: Ghosh, C., Kolathayar, S. (eds) A System Engineering Approach to Disaster Resilience. Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering, vol 205. Springer, Singapore.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-981-16-7396-2

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