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Indonesian Space Policy, Regulations and Programs: Past Achievements and Future Prospects


With one of the oldest national space programs in the world, Indonesia is a driving force in the development and utilisation of space technologies in Asia–Pacific. Since its foundation in 1963, the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN) has conducted advanced research and development in satellite and rocket technologies, in accordance with ambitious and carefully crafted national space laws, regulations and policies. In this chapter, Professor Ida Bagus Rahmadi Supancana provides a comprehensive historical overview of the Indonesian national space development program with a strong emphasis on law and policy. Then, he outlines possible future directions of national space efforts, based on a thorough analysis of the Indonesian government’s latest strategies and roadmaps for space activities.

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  1. 1.

    As of 12 August 2020, in accordance with the Directorate General of Citizenship and Civic Registration, Ministry of Home Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia.

  2. 2.

    The cooperation between Indonesia and India, in particular the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), is for the launch of LAPAN-A series of microsatellites to low Earth orbit.

  3. 3.

    LAPAN-TUBSat was developed in cooperation with the Technical University of Berlin in Germany.

  4. 4.

    Since 1976, Indonesia has extensive cooperation with the United States for the procurement and launching of satellites, for remote sensing, etc.

  5. 5.

    Some of Indonesian satellites were launched by French company Arianespace from French Guyana.

  6. 6.

    In 2006, Indonesia and Russia had intensive negotiations on the possibility to use the Biak Airfield in Papua as Intermediate Airfield for Air Launch Space Transportation System. Indonesia and Russia also signed a government-to-government space cooperation agreement signed by the two Presidents on 1 December 2006.


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Supancana, I.B.R. (2022). Indonesian Space Policy, Regulations and Programs: Past Achievements and Future Prospects. In: Verspieren, Q., Berthet, M., Coral, G., Nakasuka, S., Shiroyama, H. (eds) ASEAN Space Programs. Springer, Singapore.

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