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Model of Radionuclide Uptake by Plants via Foliar Pathway: Kyshtym, Сhernobyl, Fukushima

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Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment III
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Abstracts

The study of the consequences of accidents in Kyshtym, Chernobyl, and Fukushima showed that the interception of radionuclides of fallout by plants plays an important role in the formation of the radiation situation. In Kyshtym, radiological studies of settlements began only on the fourth day after the release. At that time, radioecology, as a science that studies the consequences of radioactive contamination of the environment, was only in its infancy. Time for a detailed study of vegetation pollution and its dynamics immediately after the accidental release was lost. On the East Urals Radioactive Trail, a series of model field experiments were carried out in a remote period after the accident. A dynamic mathematical model of aerial contamination of agricultural and meadow plants has been developed for predicting the radiation situation, the applicability of which has been confirmed in the process of eliminating the consequences of accidents at the Chernobyl and the Fukushima NPP. It is shown that in the first period after fallout the concentration of nuclides in plants is rapidly decreasing, so stopping the use of products and grazing animals within 10–14 days after the fallout makes it possible to prevent the formation of the greater part of the dose of internal exposure of the population.

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Prister, B. (2022). Model of Radionuclide Uptake by Plants via Foliar Pathway: Kyshtym, Сhernobyl, Fukushima. In: Nanba, K., Konoplev, A., Wada, T. (eds) Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment III. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-6799-2_18

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