Ali, O. H. (2016). Malik Ambar: Power and slavery across the Indian Ocean. Oxford University Press.
Bang, A. (2003). Sufis and scholars of the Sea: Family networks in East Africa, 1860/1925. Routledge Curzon.
Barendse, R. J. (2002). The Arabian Seas: The Indian Ocean world of the seventeenth century. E Sharpe.
Barendse, R. J. (2009). Arabian Seas, 1700–1763 (Vol. 4). Brill.
Beaujard, P. (2005). The Indian Ocean in Eurasian and African world-systems before the sixteenth century. Journal of World History, 16(4), 411–465.
Beaujard, P. (2012). Les mondes de l’océan Indien (Vol. 2). Armand Colin. In English as The Worlds of the Indian Ocean: A Global History, 2 vols. Cambridge University Press, 2019.
Beaujard, P. (2013). Systemes-Mondes Anciens, Processus de Domination, de Coevolution et de Resistance. L’Exemple de la Cote Est-Africaine Avant le XVII e siècle. Actuel Marx, 1(53), 40–62.
Beaujard, P. (2015). The worlds of the Indian Ocean. In M. Pearson (Ed.), Trade, circulation, and flow in the Indian Ocean world. Palgrave Macmillan.
Bramoullé, D. (2007). Les villes maritimes fatimides en Méditerranée orientale (969–1171). Histoire Urbaine, 2(19), 93–116.
Bramoullé, D. (2012). The Fatimids and the Red Sea (969–1171). In D. A. Agius et al. (Eds.), Navigated spaces, connected places: Proceedings of Red Sea project V (pp. 127–136). Archaeopress.
Campbell, G., Miers, S., & Miller, J. (Eds.). (2007). Africa, the Indian Ocean world, and the Medieval North Atlantic. Ohio University Press.
Campbell, G. (2019). Africa and the Indian Ocean world: From early times to circa 1900. Cambridge University Press.
Casale, G. (2006). The Ottoman administration of the spice trade in the sixteenth-century Red Sea and Persian gulf. Journal of Economic and Social History of the Orient, 49(2), 170–198.
Casale, G. (2007a). An Ottoman intelligence report from the mid sixteenth-century Indian Ocean. Journal of Turkish Studies, 31(1), 181–188.
Casale, G. (2007b). Global politics in the 1580s: One Canal, twenty thousand Cannibals, and an Ottoman plot to rule the world. Journal of World History, 18(3), 267–296.
Casale, G. (2010). The Ottoman age of exploration. Oxford University Press.
Casson, L. (1989). The Periplus Maris Erythraei. Princeton University Press.
Chakravarti, R. (2019). A subcontinent in enduring Ties with an enclosed Ocean (c. 1000–1500 C.E.): South Asia’s Maritime profile “Before European Hegemony”. Journal of Medieval Worlds, 1(2), 27–56.
Chaudhuri, K. N. (1985). Trade and civilisation in the Indian Ocean: An economic history from the Rise of Islam to 1750. Cambridge University Press.
Chaudhuri, K. N. (1991). Asia before Europe: Economy and civilisation of the Indian Ocean from the rise of Islam to 1750. Cambridge University Press.
Christopoulos, L. (2012). Hellenes and Romans in ancient China (240 BC–1398 AD). Sino-Platonic Papers, 230, 1–79+maps.
Das Gupta, A. (1985). Indian merchants and the Western Indian Ocean: The early seventeenth century. Modern Asian Studies, 19(3), 481–499.
Das Gupta, A., & Pearson, M. N., (Eds.). (1999). India and the Indian Ocean 1500–1800. Oxford University Press.
Fattovich R., & Bard, K. A. (2001). The Proto-Aksumite period: An overview. Annales d’Ethiopie, 17, 3–24.
Fischel, W. J. (1958). The spice trade in Mamluk Egypt: A contribution to the economic history of Medieval Islam. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 1(2), 157–174.
Fuess, A. (2001). Rotting ships and Razed Harbors: The naval policy of the Mamluks. Mamluk Studies Review, V, 45–71.
Fuller, D. Q., & Boivin, N. (2009). Crops, cattle and commensals across the Indian Ocean: Current and potential archaeobiological evidence. Études Océan Indien, 42(43), 13–46.
Fuller, D. Q., Boivin, N., Hoogervorst, T., & Allaby, R. (2011). Across the Indian Ocean: The prehistoric movement of plants and animals. Antiquity, 85, 544–558.
Ghosh, A. (1992). In an antique land. Ravi Dayal.
Gilbert, E. (2004). Dhows and the colonial economy of Zanzibar, 1860/1970. Ohio University Press.
Goitein, S. D., & Friedman, M. (2007). India traders of the middle ages: Documents from the Cairo Geniza/‘India Book’. Brill.
Goldberg, J. (2012). Trade and Institutions in the medieval Mediterranean: The Geniza Merchants and their business world. Cambridge University Press.
Gray, A. (1888). The voyage of Francois Pyrard of Laval to the East Indies, the Maldives, the Moluccas and Brazil (Vol. 2, p. I). The Hakluyt Society.
Gupta, P., Hofmeyr, I., & Pearson, M. N. (Eds.). (2010). Eyes across the water: Navigating the Indian Ocean. UNISA Press.
Gupta, S. (2016). Contact between East Africa and India in the first millennium CE. In G. Campbell (Ed.), Early exchange between Africa and the wider Indian Ocean world (pp. 157–171). Palgrave Macmillan.
Hagos, T. (2010). The choice of Aksum as a metropolis. Annales D’ethiopie, 25, 139–156.
Harries, P. (2016). Mozambique Island, Cape Town and the organisation of the slave trade in the South-West Indian Ocean, c.1797–1807. Journal of Southern African Studies, 42(3), 409–427.
Ho, E. (2006). The Graves of Tarim: Genealogy and mobility across the Indian Ocean. University of California Press.
Hofmeyr, I., Dhupelia-Mesthrie, U., & Kaarsholm, P. (2016). Durban and Cape Town as port cities: Reconsidering Southern African studies from the Indian Ocean. Journal of Southern African Studies, 42(3), 375–387.
Horton, M. C., Brown, H. W., & Mudida, N. (1996). Shanga: The archaeology of a Muslim trading community on the coast of East Africa. British Institute in Eastern Africa.
Horton, M. (2004). Artisans, communities, and commodities: medieval exchanges between Northwestern India and East Africa. Ars Orientalis, 34, 62–80.
Khalilieh, H. S. (1999). The Ribât system and its role in coastal navigation. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 42(2), 212–225.
Khalilieh, H. S. (2008). The Ribat of Arsuf and the coastal defence system in early Islamic Palestine. Journal of Islamic Studies, 19(2), 159–177.
Kobishchanow, Y. M. (1965). On the problem of Sea voyages of ancient Africans in the Indian Ocean. The Journal of African History, 6(2), 137–141.
Kresse, K., & Simpson, E. (2011). Between Africa and India: Thinking comparatively across the western Indian Ocean (Vol. 5, pp. 1–15). ZMO Working Paper.
Lambourn, E. (2018). Abraham's luggage. A social life of things in the medieval Indian Ocean world. Cambridge University Press.
Lunde, P., & Craig, J. (2015). Translocations of medieval ports in the Northern Indian Ocean and their impact on Gujarat’s Maritime tree in Beads. In S. Keller, & M. N. Pearson (Eds.), Port towns of Gujarat (pp. 19–30). Primus Books.
Machado, P. (2003). A forgotten corner of the Indian Ocean: Gujarati merchants, Portuguese India and the Mozambique slave-trade, c.1730–1830. Slavery & Abolition, 24(2), 17–32.
Machado, P. (2014). Ocean of trade: South Asian merchants, Africa and the Indian Ocean, c. 1750–1850. Cambridge University Press.
Mackintosh-Smith, T. (2017). Abū Zayd al-Sīrāfī: Accounts of China and India. In P. F. Kennedy, & S. M. Toorawa (Eds.), Two Arabic travel books. NYU Press.
Margariti, R. E. (2007). Aden and the Indian Ocean trade: 150 years in the life of a medieval Arabian port. University of North Carolina Press.
Margariti, R. E. (2008). Mercantile networks, port cities, and “Pirate” States: Conflict and competition in the Indian Ocean world of trade before the sixteenth century. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 51(4), 543–577.
Matthews, D., & Mordini, A. (1959). The monastery of Debra Damo, Ethiopia. Archaeologica, 97, 1–58.
Mayerson, P. (1993). A confusion of Indias: Asian India and African India in the Byzantine sources. Journal of the American Oriental Society, 113(2), 169–174.
Mayerson, P. (1996). The port of Clysma (Suez) in transition from Roman to Arab rule. Journal of near Eastern Studies, 55(2), 119–126.
Meloy, J. L. (2003). Imperial strategy and political exigency: The Red Sea spice trade and the Mamluk Sultanate in the fifteenth century. Journal of the American Oriental Society, 123(1), 1–19.
Nappo, D. (2007). The impact of the third century crisis on the international trade with the East. In O. Hekster, G. De Kleijn, & D. Slootjes (Eds.), Crises and the Roman empire (pp. 233–244). Brill.
Nappo, D. (2009). Roman policy in the Red Sea between Anastasius and Justinian. In L. K. Blue, J. Cooper, R. I. Thomas & R. J. Wainwright (Eds.), Connected hinterlands (pp. 71–77). Oxford.
Pearson, M. N. (1994). Pious passengers: The Hajj in earlier times. Hurst Publishers.
Pearson, M. N. (2003a). The Indian Ocean. Routledge.
Pearson, M. N. (2003b). Port cities and intruders: The Swahili Coast, India, and Portugal in the early modern Era. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Ray, H. P. (2016). Contested sea spaces: Of Piracy and sea battles along the West coast of India. In H. P. Ray (Ed.), Bridging the gulf: Maritime cultural heritage of the Western Indian Ocean (pp. 121–144). Manohar.
Ray, H. P. (2018). From Salsette to Socotra: Islands across the seas and implications for heritage. In B. Schnepel & E. A. Alpers (Eds.), Connectivity in motion: Island Hubs in the Indian Ocean world (pp. 347–368). Palgrave Macmillan.
Robin, C. J. (2012). Arabia and Ethiopia. In S. F. Johnson (Ed.), Oxford handbook of late antiquity (pp. 247–332). Oxford University Press.
Sauer, C. O. (1952). Agricultural origins and dispersals. George Grady Press.
Schiettecatte, J. (2008). Ports et commerce maritime dans l’Arabie du Sud préislamique. Chroniques yéménites, 1–26. http:// journals.openedition.org/cy/1671.
Seland, E. H. (2014). Early Christianity in East Africa and Red Sea/Indian Ocean commerce. African Archaeological Review, 31, 637–647.
Sheriff, A. (2010). Dhow cultures of the Indian Ocean: Cosmopolitanism. Hurst Publishers.
Strauch, I., & Bukharin, M. D. (2004). Indian Inscriptions from the cave Hoq on Suquträ (Yemen). Annali, 64(1–4), 121–138.
Strauch, I. (2012). The character of the Indian Kharosthi script and the “Sanskrit Revolution”: A writing system between identity and assimilation. In A. de Voogt, & J. F. Quack (Eds.), The idea of writing across borders (pp. 131–168). Brill.
Strauch, I. (2015). Indian inscriptions on Socotra: New evidence for Indian maritime trade in the Western Indian Ocean. In R. Mukherjee (Ed.), Beyond national frames: South Asian pasts and the world (pp. 74–86). Primus Books.
Subrahmanyam, S. (2007). The birth-pangs of Portuguese Asia: Revisiting the fateful ‘long decade’ 1498–1509. Journal of Global History, 2, 261–280.
Subrahmanyam, S. (2012). The Portuguese empire in Asia, 1500–1700: A political and economic history (2nd edn). Wiley.
Subrahmanyam, S. (2019). Between Eastern Africa and Western India, 1500–1650: Slavery, commerce, and Elite formation. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 61(4), 805–834.
Um, N. (2009). The merchant houses of mocha: Trade and architecture in an Indian Ocean port. University of Washington Press.
Vallet, E. (2010). L’Arabie Marchande: Etat et commerce Sous les Sultans Rasulides du Yemen (626–858/1229–1454). Publications of the Sorbonne.
Voigt, R. (n.d.). Language, script and society in the Axumite Kingdom: 59–80. www.ityposis.org. Accessed 19 Apr 2020.
Walburg, R. (2008). Coins and tokens from Ancient Ceylon. Reichert Verlag.
Walford, E. (1855). Photios, epitome of the ecclesiastical history of philostorgius. Henry G. Bonn.
Wood, M. (2016). Eastern Africa and the Indian Ocean World in the first millennium CE: The glass bead evidence. In G. Campbell (Ed.), Early Exchange between Africa and the Wider Indian Ocean world (pp. 173–193). Palgrave Macmillan.