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Synthesis of Industrial Enzymes from Lignocellulosic Fractions

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Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO,volume 30)

Abstract

The lignocellulosic material consists of three subunits, hemicellulose, lignin, and cellulose, that are fractionated to extract and produce value-added compounds, such as food additives, organic acids, ethanol, and enzymes. Various biotechnological applications such as effluent bioremediation, hydrolysis and paper bleaching, and construction of biosensors require large quantities of low-cost enzymes. Thus, an appropriate choice for the production of low-cost enzymes is the use of lignocellulosic residues, which contain soluble carbohydrates that can be used as inducers of enzymatic synthesis. However, the depolymerization of lignocellulosic components through various treatments (chemical, physical, physicochemicals, and biological) is necessary for the efficient production of enzymes. Therefore, this book chapter addresses the chemical composition of lignocellulosic residues and their various treatments that allow obtaining value-added products, mainly enzymes. The main types of industrial enzymes, their application in several technological areas, and their market in the world are also addressed.

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Menezes, D.B. et al. (2022). Synthesis of Industrial Enzymes from Lignocellulosic Fractions. In: Mulla, S.I., Bharagava, R.N. (eds) Enzymes for Pollutant Degradation . Microorganisms for Sustainability, vol 30. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-4574-7_2

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