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Cognitive Impairment and Rehabilitation of Children and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

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Autism Spectrum Disorder and Alzheimer's Disease

Abstract

Since 1943, when Kanner introduced the term “Autism,” there has been much progress to identify the nature of impairment in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among adults and children. Currently, it is classified as a neurodevelopment disorder marked by impaired social cognition, altered sensory stimulation and language deficiency with or without impaired IQ. Despite having clear diagnostic criteria, the heterogeneity in cognitive, language and intellectual abilities across type and ages perplexes the clinical picture of ASD and needs clinical expertise for diagnosis. This chapter outlines the nature of ASD and types of impairment broadly classified in the area of cognition, speech and language, intelligence impairment and executive dysfunctioning. Furthermore, the chapter highlights a range of rehabilitative technique for person with ASD, namely, dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), pivotal response treatment (PRT), sensory motor training, parent-mediated intervention (PMT), speech therapy, music therapy and sensory integration therapy. This chapter has also highlighted the current scholarly debate about ASD and DLD (developmental language disorder) categorically different or on the same continuum.

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Nazam, F., Husain, A. (2021). Cognitive Impairment and Rehabilitation of Children and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder. In: Md Ashraf, G., Alexiou, A. (eds) Autism Spectrum Disorder and Alzheimer's Disease . Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-4558-7_15

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