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Part of the book series: Clean Energy Production Technologies ((CEPT))

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Abstract

Solar cells are the device that directly converts light energy into electrical energy. The basic solar cell is a p-n junction diode. The cell is joined together to create a solar module and ultimately, a solar array from where the useful voltage and current can be derived. In this chapter, various types of solar cells such as crystalline, thin-film, dye, and perovskite have been discussed. The various applications of these solar cells in the field of solar power generation, portable electronic devices, defense, space, transportation, agriculture, etc. have been thoroughly presented. Also, the challenges and future scope of these technologies that certainly be shaping our future world have been discussed.

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Acknowledgments

The author (Abhishek Anand) is highly obliged to the University Grants Commission (UGC) & Ministry of Education, Government of India, New Delhi for providing the Senior Research Fellowship (SRF).

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© 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

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Anand, A., Shukla, A., Sharma, A. (2022). Solar Cells: Application and Challenges. In: Joshi, S.J., Sen, R., Sharma, A., Salam, P.A. (eds) Status and Future Challenges for Non-conventional Energy Sources Volume 1. Clean Energy Production Technologies. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-4505-1_3

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