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Behavior Analysis of Digital Transformation in Latin American and Colombian Universities, Based on a General Identification of Variables

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Abstract

As a consequence of the Industrial Revolution 4.0, many organizations have been forced to initiate digital transformation processes in order to survive in a new context that demands dynamic and flexible responses from them in a very short time. Consequently, universities are not oblivious to this change and therefore are on the road toward accomplishing it. This chapter explores the digital transformation processes that have been used by Latin American universities and specifically public universities in Colombia, demonstrating that this complex task has manifested itself from different perspectives, such as social, organizational, and technological. At this point, it is important to identify the variables in such processes and how these changes have been developed. Firstly, the concept of digital transformation is explained from the universities’ point of view. Secondly, the different processes of digital transformation extracted from the documents reviewed are consolidated. Finally, the variables that are part of digital transformation processes are identified.

Keywords

  • Digital transformation
  • Digital university
  • Digital processes
  • Digital implementation
  • Latin American universities

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Acknowledgements

Thanks to Daniel Gonzalez Núñez, an industrial engineering student (Universidad Nacional de Colombia) who very kindly programmed the MCA algorithm in Python.

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Correspondence to Lina María Castro Benavides .

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Appendix: Databases

Appendix: Databases

Colombian public universities HML DT Social DT Organizational DT Tech DT
University 1 High Yes Yes Yes
University 2 High Yes Yes Yes
University 3 High Yes Yes Yes
University 4 High Yes Yes Yes
University 5 Low Yes No No
University 6 Low Yes No No
University 7 Low Yes No No
University 8 Low Yes No No
University 9 Low Yes No No
University 10 Low No No Yes
University 11 Low No No No
University 12 Mid Yes No Yes
University 13 Mid Yes No Yes
University 14 Mid Yes No Yes
University 15 Mid Yes No Yes
University 16 Mid Yes No Yes
University 17 Mid Yes No Yes
University 18 Mid Yes No Yes
University 19 Mid Yes No Yes
University 20 Mid Yes No Yes
University 21 Mid Yes No Yes
University 22 Mid Yes No Yes
University 23 Mid Yes No Yes
University 24 Mid Yes No Yes
University 25 Mid Yes No Yes
University 26 Mid Yes No Yes
University 27 Mid Yes No Yes
University 28 Mid Yes No Yes
University 29 Mid Yes No Yes
University 30 Mid Yes No Yes
University 31 Mid Yes No Yes
University 32 Mid Yes No Yes
Latin American universities HML DT Social DT Organizational DT Tech DT
Country 1 Mid Yes Yes Yes
Country 2 Mid Yes Yes Yes
Country 3 Mid Yes Yes Yes
Country 4 High Yes Yes Yes
Country 5 Mid Yes No No
Country 6 Mid Yes No No
Country 7 Mid Yes No No
Country 8 Mid Yes No No
Country 9 Mid Yes No No
Country 10 Mid No No Yes

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Castro Benavides, L.M., Tamayo Arias, J.A., Burgos, D. (2021). Behavior Analysis of Digital Transformation in Latin American and Colombian Universities, Based on a General Identification of Variables. In: Burgos, D., Branch, J.W. (eds) Radical Solutions for Digital Transformation in Latin American Universities. Lecture Notes in Educational Technology. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-3941-8_8

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