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Optimal Conditions for Hemp Fibre Production

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Part of the Sustainable Textiles: Production, Processing, Manufacturing & Chemistry book series (STPPMC)


Even though hemp is considered an easy growing plant, hemp fibre yield is affected by the cultivar choice, planting density, harvest time, and the environment. These factors can affect the stem length, diameter, fibre quality, and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content. In the optimal climate thresholds, the crop will grow efficiently, but climate change will inevitably affect future crop growth. Understanding how climate change will impact hemp fibre growth is essential to limit the loss of yield. Therefore, we need to fully comprehend hemp’s current preferred conditions and determine influencing factors. This chapter will focus on the current ideal conditions for hemp growth to, later on, determine the effects that environmental conditions currently have. The environment-related vulnerability factors of hemp fibre production are studied and further separated under different themes namely photoperiod and photosynthesis, temperature, precipitation, and soil.


  • Hemp
  • Cultivar choice
  • Flowering
  • Monoecious
  • Dioecious
  • Crop management
  • Photoperiod
  • Temperature
  • Precipitation
  • Soil
  • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-981-16-3334-8_3
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Fig. 3.1


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Correspondence to Fieke Dhondt .

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Dhondt, F., Muthu, S.S. (2021). Optimal Conditions for Hemp Fibre Production. In: Hemp and Sustainability. Sustainable Textiles: Production, Processing, Manufacturing & Chemistry. Springer, Singapore.

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