Advertisement

Design and Development of a Multivariant Exercise Machine (MEM) for the Patients Suffering from Spine-Related Problems

Conference paper
  • 5 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

Low back pain, a painful condition that affects the lower portion of human spine, generally appears due to muscle injury, strain, or sprain. The reasons for lower back pain are inappropriate lifting of weight, bad posture, fractured disc, or disc rupture. Doctors advise several exercises depending upon the patient condition. A variety of machines are available in the market to perform these exercises. In the present work, a new design of a Multivariant Exercise Machine (MEM), suited for patients suffering from chronic low back pain, and equipped with six different features, in manual and electric mode is presented. Patients with low back pain can do calf muscle strengthening, neck muscle stretching, lower back muscle strengthening, foot muscle strengthening, cycling, and heating (or cooling) practices on a single machine. The conceptualized design of MEM was prepared after analyzing the major causes of spine complications and their consequent remedies.

Keywords

Low back pain Multivariant exercise machine Muscle pain Spine 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is not supported by any external agency.

Author Contributions

All three authors have equal contributions to the finalization of this paper.

Declaration of interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest for the present work.

References

  1. 1.
    K.A. Theis, D. Roblin, C.G. Helmick, R. Luo, Prevalence and causes of work disability among working-age U.S. adults, 2011e2013, NHIS. Disability Health J. 11, 108–115 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2017.04.010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Marshansky, P. Mayer, D. Rizzo, M. Baltzan, R. Denis, G.J. Lavigne, Sleep, chronic pain, and opioid risk for apnea. Prog. Neuropsychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatry 87, 234–244 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2017.07.014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.S. Weiner, M. Nordin, Prevention and management of chronic back pain. Best Pract. Res. Clin. Rheumatol. 24, 267–279 (2010).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.berh.2009.12.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. Campbell, S.J. Muncer, The causes of low back pain: a network analysis. Soc. Sci. Med. 2, 409–419 (2005).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.05.013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A.R. Kett, F. Sichting, Sedentary behaviour at work increases muscle stiffness of the back: Why roller massage has potential as an active break intervention. Appl. Ergonomics 82, 102947, (2020).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2019.102947
  6. 6.
    M.B. Shamsi, J. Sarrafzadeh, A. Jamshidi, N. Arjmand, F. Ghezelbash, Comparison of spinal stability following motor control and general exercises in nonspecific chronic low back pain patients. Clin. Biomech. 48, 42–48 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2017.07.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Li, D. Ge, S. Liu, W. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Si, and J. Zhai, Baduanjin exercise for low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Complemen. Therapies Med. 43, 109–116 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2019.01.021
  8. 8.
    Y. Xie, F. Guo, Y. Lu, Y. Guo, G. Wei, L. Lu, W. Ji, X. Qian, A 12-week Baduanjin Qigong exercise improves symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis: A randomized controlled trial. Compleme. Therapies Clin. Pract. 36, 113–119 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2018.12.007
  9. 9.
    K.C. Branco, M. Moodley, Chiropractic manipulative therapy of the thoracic spine in combination with stretch and strengthening exercises, in improving postural kyphosis in women. Health SA Gesondheid, 21, 303–308 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hsag.2016.06.001
  10. 10.
    S. Haynes, K. Williams, Impact of seating posture on user comfort and typing performance for people with chronic low back pain. Int. J. Industr. Ergon. 38, 35–46 (2008).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2007.08.003
  11. 11.
    E. Godley, M.A. Smith, Efficacy of acupressure for chronic low back pain: a systematic review. Complemen. Therapies Clin. Pract. 39, 101146, (2020).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2020.101146
  12. 12.
    D.D. Stieglitz, D.R. Vinson, M.D.C. Hampton, Equipment-based Pilates reduces work-related chronic low back pain and disability: a pilot study. J. Bodywork Movement Therapies 20, 74–82 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2015.06.006
  13. 13.
    F. Gerr, L. Mani, Work-related low back pain. Primary Care: Clinics Office Pract. 27, 865–875 (2000).  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0095-4543(05)70181-0
  14. 14.
    S.M. Carcone, P.J. Keir, Effects of backrest design on biomechanics and comfort during seated work. Appl. Ergon. 38, 755–764 (2007).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2006.11.001
  15. 15.
    V. Johnston, E.M. Gane, W. Brown, B. Vicenzino, G.N. Healy, N. Gilson, M.D. Smith, Feasibility and impact of sit-stand workstations with and without exercise in office workers at risk of low back pain: A pilot comparative effectiveness trial. Appl. Ergon. 76, 82–89 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.12.006
  16. 16.
    S. Ahn, S. Kim, S. Kang, H. Jeon, Y. Kim, Asymmetrical change in the pelvis and the spine during cross-legged sitting postures. J. Mech. Sci. Technol. 27, 3427–3432 (2013).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12206-013-0865-5
  17. 17.
    D. Pires, C. Caeiro, E. Cruz, Individual patient responder analysis of the effectiveness of a pain neuroscience education programme in chronic low back pain. Manual Therapy 25, e130 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.math.2016.05.244
  18. 18.
    S.D. Liddle, J.H. Gracey, G.D. Baxter, Advice for the management of low back pain: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Manual Therapy 12, 310–327 (2007).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.math.2006.12.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    I. Caby, J. Vanvelcenaher, A. Letombe, P. Pelayo, Effects of a five-week intensive and multidisciplinary spine specific restoration program in chronic low back pain patients with or without surgery. Ann. Phys. Rehab. Med. 53, 621–631 (2010).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rehab.2010.09.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    C. Demoulin, S. Grosdent, L. Capron, M. Tomasella, P. Somville, J. Crielaard, M. Vanderthommen, Effectiveness of a semi-intensive multidisciplinary outpatient rehabilitation program in chronic low back pain. Joint Bone Spine 77, 58–63 (2010).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbspin.2009.11.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2022

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.G. L. Bajaj Institute of Technology and ManagementGreater NoidaIndia

Personalised recommendations