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How Does Urban Development Contributes to Urban Heat Island: A Decade Increase of Urban Heat Intensity in Jakarta Metropolitan Area

Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE,volume 161)


Rapid Population growth and economic movement have had a significant impact on the social and environmental change of Jakarta. The dense development of Jakarta goes horizontally and vertically in the city center. The trend also expands and encourages the interaction between the city center and the buffer cities within the Jakarta Metropolitan Area. As a result of the intense socio-economic activities in the city center, the phenomenon of Urban Heat Island (UHI) emerges as the city issue. The rapid increase of UHI intensity worsen the and climate change and is a challenge for Jakarta in realizing a sustainable city agenda. This study indicates a lacking of the focused investigation on the correlation between urban development and UHI in Jakarta Metropolitan area. Therefore, this study aims investigates a decade by using the analysis of Landsat 5 and 8 satellite imagery asses the building density index value and albedo. The variables include the land surface temperature, vegetation index, land cover and satellite light imagery. This study pinpoints the significant impact of urban development on the UHI intensity. The results of this study provide scientific contributions to academia, industry and city governments in the formation of a policy framework for the UHI and climate change mitigation agenda in Jakarta.


  • Albedo
  • Building density index
  • Jakarta metropolitan urban development
  • UHI

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-981-16-2329-5_9
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Correspondence to Sofi Ulfiasari .

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Ulfiasari, S., Yola, L. (2022). How Does Urban Development Contributes to Urban Heat Island: A Decade Increase of Urban Heat Intensity in Jakarta Metropolitan Area. In: Yola, L., Nangkula, U., Ayegbusi, O.G., Awang, M. (eds) Sustainable Architecture and Building Environment . Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering, vol 161. Springer, Singapore.

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