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Hypo and Hyperpigmentary Disorders of Vulva

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Abstract

The vulva is a significant organ that was left unattended for a long time only to look at it carefully until it is diseased. Recent changes in women empowerment, instrumentation, and scientific advancement, drawn attention not only towards early diagnosis and treatment of female genital disease but also to its cosmetic enhancement. Diagnosing a vulval disease demand a careful examination of the private parts, and this needs a blend of social skill, scientific mind, clear-cut knowledge, and earned faith with the subject. All vulvar diseases are out of the scope of this chapter, and hence our discussion will be limited to pigmentary disorders of female external genitalia. 1 out of 10 women face pigmented lesions on their vulva though most of them are physiological and benign, yet knowledge about some treatable diseases is essential to avoid unnecessary cosmetic intervention and avoidance of disfigurement or severe disease upon delaying exact treatment [1]. Attention to vulval diseases are given only when its having diseases. Diagnosis of genital skin issues needs social skill, scientific mind, good knowledge. Recent interest in cosmetic enhancement of the area also demands skilful procedural dermatological intervention. Most of the diseases of vulva are treatable if detected at proper time. Lichen simplex et atrophicus (LSA) can lead to disfigurement and carcinoma if not treated early; and confusion with vitiligo is a rule in early disease. Hyperpigmentation on that region is mostly benign but melanoma to be rules out and need detail examination and or further investigation. A knowledge of vulval anatomy & physiology of different age is of utmost importance for accurate diagnosis.

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Gorai, S., Lahiri, K. (2022). Hypo and Hyperpigmentary Disorders of Vulva. In: Jindal, P., Malhotra, N., Joshi, S. (eds) Aesthetic and Regenerative Gynecology. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-1743-0_19

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-1743-0_19

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