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The Effects of Temperature, pH and Moisture Exposure on Human Hair

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Intelligent Manufacturing and Mechatronics

Abstract

Healthy hair structure is important to avoid hair loss or hair damage. Excessive exposure to pH, moisture and temperature can cause many changes in original hair structure. The objectives of this study were; 1) to determine the effects of extreme temperature, pH and moisture on human hair, 2) to observe the characteristics of healthy hair include smoothness, colour and shine. In this study, hair samples were sampled from a female student. Then, the samples were tested with three variables which were temperature (extreme cold and high temperature), pH (extreme acid and base) and moisture (coconut oil). The observations were recorded in five days and two times (8:00 a.m and 4:00 p.m) daily. All hair samples were observed under dissecting microscope to study the variable of healthy hair based on smoothness, colour, and shine. The hair samples that exposed to excess amount of virgin coconut oil, high temperature (100 °C) and acidic condition (pH 3) were damaged while pH between 5 to7 was found to be the perfect range to be used on hair. Hair is considered healthy when the hair is smooth with no frizz or any braided hair. The colour of hair must be no different from its original colour. Hair shine means that the hair look shiny when exposed to light. The results can provide useful baseline information for cosmetic company to assist in production of hair care products in the future.

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Correspondence to Engku Azlin Rahayu Engku Ariff .

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Zamani, N.A.N., Md Heshamuddin, N.S., Jafri, A.A., Abdullah, S.S., Ariff, E.A.R.E. (2021). The Effects of Temperature, pH and Moisture Exposure on Human Hair. In: Bahari, M.S., Harun, A., Zainal Abidin, Z., Hamidon, R., Zakaria, S. (eds) Intelligent Manufacturing and Mechatronics. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-0866-7_104

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