Skip to main content

The Effects of Temperature, pH and Moisture Exposure on Human Hair

  • Conference paper
  • First Online:
Intelligent Manufacturing and Mechatronics


Healthy hair structure is important to avoid hair loss or hair damage. Excessive exposure to pH, moisture and temperature can cause many changes in original hair structure. The objectives of this study were; 1) to determine the effects of extreme temperature, pH and moisture on human hair, 2) to observe the characteristics of healthy hair include smoothness, colour and shine. In this study, hair samples were sampled from a female student. Then, the samples were tested with three variables which were temperature (extreme cold and high temperature), pH (extreme acid and base) and moisture (coconut oil). The observations were recorded in five days and two times (8:00 a.m and 4:00 p.m) daily. All hair samples were observed under dissecting microscope to study the variable of healthy hair based on smoothness, colour, and shine. The hair samples that exposed to excess amount of virgin coconut oil, high temperature (100 °C) and acidic condition (pH 3) were damaged while pH between 5 to7 was found to be the perfect range to be used on hair. Hair is considered healthy when the hair is smooth with no frizz or any braided hair. The colour of hair must be no different from its original colour. Hair shine means that the hair look shiny when exposed to light. The results can provide useful baseline information for cosmetic company to assist in production of hair care products in the future.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 169.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Dias MFRG, De Almeida AM, Cecato PMR, Adriano AR, Pichler J (2014) The shampoo pH can affect the hair: myth or reality? Int J Trichol 6(3):95

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. D’Souza P, Rathi SK (2015) Shampoo and conditioners: what a dermatologist should know? Indian J Dermatol 60(3):248

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Guerra-Tapia A, Gonzalez-Guerra E (2014) Hair cosmetics: dyes. Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (Engl Edn) 105(9):833–839

    Google Scholar 

  4. Kim JK, Ough P, Kim HS (2019) U.S. Patent No. 10,285,464. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

  5. Nagase S (2019) Hair structures affecting hair appearance. Cosmetics 6(3):43

    Article  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  6. Nayak BS, Ann CY, Azhar AB, Ling ECS, Yen WH, Aithal PA (2017) A study on scalp hair health and hair care practices among malaysian medical students. Int J Trichol 9(2):58

    Google Scholar 

  7. Patrina. Natural Hair Queen. From Natural Hair Queen Web Site. Accessed 18 Sept 2019

  8. Petrovicova E, Kamath YK (2019) Heat transfer in human hair. Int J Cosmetic Sci 41:387–390

    Google Scholar 

  9. Seng J, Schmitz C, Flohr A (2015) U.S. Patent No. 8,940,282. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

  10. Sinclair RD (2007) Healthy hair: what is it? J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc 12:2–5

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Ruetsch SB, Kamath YK, Rele AS, Mohile RB (2001) Secondary ion mass spectrometric investigation of penetration of coconut and mineral oils into human hair fibers: relevance to hair damage. J Cosmet Sci 52(3):169–184

    Google Scholar 

  12. Tarun J, Susan J, Jacob Suria VJS, Criton S (2014) Evaluation of Ph of bathing soaps and shampoos for skin and hair care. Indian J Dermatol 59(5):442

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Vala GS, Kapadiya PK (2014) Medicinal benefits of coconut oil. Int J Life Sci Res 2(4):124–126

    Google Scholar 

  14. Yang Y, Wen Y, Bin W, Marc AM (2017) Structure and mechanical behaviour of human hair. Mater Sci Eng: C 73:152–163

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Zhang Y, Alsop RJ, Soomro A, Yang FC, Rheinstädter MC (2015) Effect of shampoo, conditioner and permanent waving on the molecular structure of human hair. Peerj 3:E1296

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Engku Azlin Rahayu Engku Ariff .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2021 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

About this paper

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Zamani, N.A.N., Md Heshamuddin, N.S., Jafri, A.A., Abdullah, S.S., Ariff, E.A.R.E. (2021). The Effects of Temperature, pH and Moisture Exposure on Human Hair. In: Bahari, M.S., Harun, A., Zainal Abidin, Z., Hamidon, R., Zakaria, S. (eds) Intelligent Manufacturing and Mechatronics. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Singapore.

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics